Adam's Bridge

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Related to Adam's Bridge: Rama's Bridge

Adam's Bridge


Rama's Bridge

(rä`mə), chain of shoals, c.18 mi (30 km) long, SW Palk StraitPalk Strait
, 40 to 85 mi (64–137 km) wide, between India and Sri Lanka. At its southern end, it is studded with shoal reefs, forming Adam's Bridge (or Rama's Bridge), and by small islands off the Sri Lanka's Jaffna peninsula.
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, between India and island nation of Sri Lanka. At high tide it is covered by c.4 ft (1.2 m) of water, forcing oceangoing vessels to travel around Sri Lanka instead of through the Palk Strait. According to Hindu tradition, the bridge was built to transport Rama, hero of the RamayanaRamayana
[story of Rama], classical Sanskrit epic of India, probably composed in the 3d cent. B.C. Based on numerous legends, it is traditionally the work of Valmiki, one of the minor characters.
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, to the island to rescue his wife from the demon king Ravanna. A proposed ship channel through the Palk Strait and Adam's Bridge has been protested by devout Hindus and environmentalists.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Adam’s Bridge


a chain of sand banks and small coral islands between the Indian peninsula and Ceylon. Adam’s Bridge is the vestige of a land connection which formerly existed between Ceylon and India. It is about 30 km in length. The greatest water depth between the islands is about 1.5 m. A railroad ferry operates parallel to the chain. The name Adam’s Bridge is derived from the legend of the path traversed by Adam when he was expelled from paradise to earth, to Ceylon and from there across the chain to the Indian subcontinent.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Temple records seem to say that Adam's Bridge was completely above sea level until it broke in a cyclone in AD 1480.
Anyhow, some three years after this great revelation, I decided that seeing that I was in India, being the first sailing yacht to officially visit Chennai--and of course the first multihull yacht--that I would take the time to discover the secrets of Palk Bay and Palk Passage, the home of Adam's Bridge.
Indeed, it seems that many of the ports around the Gulf of Mannar and to the north of Adam's Bridge depended on sea trade for their daily needs, partly because they were not really oriented towards the hinterland.
It said, the 1974 agreement demarcated the boundary between the two countries from Palk Strait to Adam's Bridge and clarified certain issues handed down unresolved and undetermined from the colonial period.
And the people who said that there is nothing like Ram Setu and it is just an Adam's bridge, it is an answer to them," he said.
The court at its last hearing had asked Additional Solicitor General Harin Rawal to take instructions from the government on Swamy's plea that the mythological Ram Sethu, known as the Adam's Bridge in the Palk Strait between southern India and Sru Lanka , be declared a national monument.
M Karunanidhi, the shrewd chief minister of Tamil Nadu perceived the Sethusamudram dredging project more important to his electorate than the mythical bridge that Ram's monkey army built across Palk Strait, or else the sensible old man would not have let out a loud chuckle and asked for Ram's engineering degree to prove the antiquity of the Adam's bridge between Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka.
However, the government has rejected the Pachauri Committee report and submitted an affidavit in the Supreme Court with and intention to pursue the project cutting through the Adam's Bridge, popularly known as Ram Setu.
New Delhi, March 28 -- The Supreme Court on Tuesday asked the Centre to make its stand clear on the issue of whether 'Ram Sethu' (Adam's Bridge) can be declared a national monument.
However, the government has rejected the Pachauri Committee report and submitted an affidavit in the Supreme with and intention to pursue the project cutting through the Adam's Bridge, popularly known as Ram Setu.
The government in 2007 filed the affidavit as it defends its plan to build a canal through a bridge-like stretch of sandbanks and rocks between the Indian coast and Sri Lanka-a formation variously known as Adam's Bridge and Ram Sethu, or Rama's Bridge.
Their aim will be to prevent the destruction of the Gulf of Mannar, one of the last remaining intact ecosystems on earth and home to the famous Ram Sethu or Adam's Bridge, a site sacred to one billion Hindus worldwide.