Glushkovskii, Adam Pavlovich
Born 1793 in St. Petersburg; died circa 1870. Russian ballet dancer, choreographer, and teacher.
A student of I. I. Val’berkh and C. Didelot, he graduated from the St. Petersburg Ballet School in 1811. From 1812 to 1839 he was premier danseur, teacher (head of the ballet school), and choreographer at the Bolshoi Theater in Moscow. In the stagings of such divertissements as Merrymaking on the Vorob’evy Hills (1815) and Filatka with Fedora on the Swings Near Novinsk set to S. I. Davydov’s music (1815), Glushkovskii used motifs from folk dances. He turned to national literature, staging ballets based on the works of A. S. Pushkin—for example, Ruslan and Liudmila, or the Overthrow of the Evil Sorcerer Chernomor (1821) by Scholz and The Black Shawl, or Infidelity Punished (1831) with music by several composers. Glushkovskii created over 30 ballets, and his work greatly influenced the development of 19th-century Russian choreography. Through his creative work and literary critiques he affirmed the progressive, realistic trends of the ballet theater.
WORKS“Vospominanie o velikom khoreografe K. L. Didlo i nekotorye ras-suzhdeniia o tantseval’nom iskusstve.” Panteon i repertuar russkoi stseny, St. Petersburg, 1851, vol. 2, book 4; vol. 4, book 8; vol. 6, book 12.
“Iz vospominanii o znamenitom khoreografe K. L. Didlo.” Moskvitianin, 1856, vol. 1.
Vospominaniia baletmeistera. Leningrad-Moscow, 1940.