Adam Olearius


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Olearius, Adam

 

(also Adam Ölschläger). Born Aug. 16, 1603, in Saxony; died Feb. 23, 1671, in Gottorp, Schleswig. German scholar.

Olearius studied at the University of Leipzig, where he later taught. He served as court mathematician and librarian for the Duke of Holstein. He knew Russian and Arabic. In 1633–34, Olearius visited Russia as a member of the Schleswig-Holstein embassy; he traveled in Iran during a journey that lasted from 1635 to 1639. In 1639 he settled in Gottorp. In 1643, Olearius began editing the diaries of his journeys, which were later published in German in Schleswig in 1647.

Olearius’ works provide information about the geography and history of Russia and about the peoples who lived there, their settlements, and their customs and mores. His works contain many maps and drawings. He published a German translation of works by Persian and Arab poets, including Saadi’s Gulistan (The Rose Garden), in 1654.

WORKS

Opisanie puteshestviia v Moskoviiu i cherez Moskoviiu v Persiiu i obratno. St. Petersburg, 1906.

V. I. BUOANOV

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Among the unique engravings are pictures of Shamakhi from the book of the German geographer Adam Olearius, who, as part of the delegation ofthe Schleswig-Holstein duchy (now in Germany and Denmark), stayed twice in Shamakhi on the way to Persia (from December 30, 1636 to March 28, 1637) and on the way back (from February 20 to March 30, 1638).
Chronologically, Pikulik's work somewhat overlaps with the predecessor, his earliest sources are Adam Olearius's travels to Russia and Persia in the 1630s and Georg Wilhelm Steller's accounts of his two Nordic expeditions with Vitus Bering between 1733 and 1742.
"Adam Olearius" says about Persian gardens: Decoration that has been utilized by Iranians in their gardens includes some pools which they have created margins around them and they have built regular water ditches for them and water flows from this pond to the other pools.
The map originates from a travel book, Relation du voyage d'Adam Olearius en Moscovie, Tartarie et Perse, by a German mathematician Adam Olearius.
Adam Olearius (1599-1671) German mathematician, cartographer, and traveler.
Boterbloem notes that Disastrous Voyages paraphrases a number of other travelogues, such as the 1647 account by the Holstein diplomat Adam Olearius of an embassy to Muscovy and Iran (attitudes towards plagiarism were more relaxed than today).
Unfortunately, Fleier's citations of the various editions of Adam Olearius' Reisebeschreibung, a seventeenth-century eyewitness account of Russia, suggest that he should become acquainted with the entry on Olearius in Gerhard Diinnhaupt's unsurpassed bibliography of German Baroque literature.
The interior lighting of the Zeiss projection planetarium was crudely anticipated in the mid-17th century when Adam Olearius designed a 10-foot sphere with stars painted on its inside surface for Duke Frederick of Holstein-Gottorp.
Sumarokov's selection of these three poems--"an die grosse Stadt Mosskaw / als er schiede," "An den Fluss Mosskaw / als er schiede," and "Er redet die Stadt Mosskaw an / Als er ihre verguldeten Thurme von fernen sahe"--was for obvious reasons a natural one; Fleming had three times visited Moscow (1634, 1636 and 1639) with Adam Olearius on the Holstein trade mission sent by Duke Friedrich III, and had written the poems while there, glorifying the Russian capital.
They include the views of Shamakhi from the book of the German geographer Adam Olearius, who, as part of the embassy of the Schleswig-Holstein duchy (now a part of Germany and Denmark), twice stopped in Shamakhi en route to Persia (modern Iran) (from December 30, 1636 to March 28, 1637) and on his way back (from February 20 to March 30, 1638), and then his observations became part of the book where he described his journey.
Adam Olearius's Neue Orientalische Reisebeschreibung (1647) had been widely expanded and republished with the title Vermehrte Newe Beschreibung der Muscowitischen und Persischen Reyse (1656) shortly before Catharina appeared in print in 1657.
The book successfully demonstrates the role which 17th- and early 18th-century journal accounts by diplomats, travelers, writers, and scholars, such as Adam Olearius, Paul Fleming, Engelbert Kaempfer, Carsten Niebuhr, and Johann Gottlieb Worm played in the evolution of Herder's notion of cultural history on the one hand and the impact such travelogues, along with translations of Persian literary texts, had on German literary culture, culminating in Goethe's West-ostlicher Divan, on the other.

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