Adam Olearius

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Olearius, Adam


(also Adam Ölschläger). Born Aug. 16, 1603, in Saxony; died Feb. 23, 1671, in Gottorp, Schleswig. German scholar.

Olearius studied at the University of Leipzig, where he later taught. He served as court mathematician and librarian for the Duke of Holstein. He knew Russian and Arabic. In 1633–34, Olearius visited Russia as a member of the Schleswig-Holstein embassy; he traveled in Iran during a journey that lasted from 1635 to 1639. In 1639 he settled in Gottorp. In 1643, Olearius began editing the diaries of his journeys, which were later published in German in Schleswig in 1647.

Olearius’ works provide information about the geography and history of Russia and about the peoples who lived there, their settlements, and their customs and mores. His works contain many maps and drawings. He published a German translation of works by Persian and Arab poets, including Saadi’s Gulistan (The Rose Garden), in 1654.


Opisanie puteshestviia v Moskoviiu i cherez Moskoviiu v Persiiu i obratno. St. Petersburg, 1906.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Among the unique engravings are pictures of Shamakhi from the book of the German geographer Adam Olearius, who, as part of the delegation ofthe Schleswig-Holstein duchy (now in Germany and Denmark), stayed twice in Shamakhi on the way to Persia (from December 30, 1636 to March 28, 1637) and on the way back (from February 20 to March 30, 1638).
"Adam Olearius" says about Persian gardens: Decoration that has been utilized by Iranians in their gardens includes some pools which they have created margins around them and they have built regular water ditches for them and water flows from this pond to the other pools.
The map originates from a travel book, Relation du voyage d'Adam Olearius en Moscovie, Tartarie et Perse, by a German mathematician Adam Olearius.
Adam Olearius (1599-1671) German mathematician, cartographer, and traveler.
Boterbloem notes that Disastrous Voyages paraphrases a number of other travelogues, such as the 1647 account by the Holstein diplomat Adam Olearius of an embassy to Muscovy and Iran (attitudes towards plagiarism were more relaxed than today).
Unfortunately, Fleier's citations of the various editions of Adam Olearius' Reisebeschreibung, a seventeenth-century eyewitness account of Russia, suggest that he should become acquainted with the entry on Olearius in Gerhard Diinnhaupt's unsurpassed bibliography of German Baroque literature.
The interior lighting of the Zeiss projection planetarium was crudely anticipated in the mid-17th century when Adam Olearius designed a 10-foot sphere with stars painted on its inside surface for Duke Frederick of Holstein-Gottorp.
Sumarokov's selection of these three poems--"an die grosse Stadt Mosskaw / als er schiede," "An den Fluss Mosskaw / als er schiede," and "Er redet die Stadt Mosskaw an / Als er ihre verguldeten Thurme von fernen sahe"--was for obvious reasons a natural one; Fleming had three times visited Moscow (1634, 1636 and 1639) with Adam Olearius on the Holstein trade mission sent by Duke Friedrich III, and had written the poems while there, glorifying the Russian capital.
They include the views of Shamakhi from the book of the German geographer Adam Olearius, who, as part of the embassy of the Schleswig-Holstein duchy (now a part of Germany and Denmark), twice stopped in Shamakhi en route to Persia (modern Iran) (from December 30, 1636 to March 28, 1637) and on his way back (from February 20 to March 30, 1638), and then his observations became part of the book where he described his journey.

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