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Adana(ä`dənä), city (1990 pop. 931,555), capital of Adana prov., S Turkey, on the Seyhan River. The fourth largest city in Turkey, it is the commercial center of a farm region where cotton, grains, and fruits are grown. Manufactures include processed food, tobacco, cotton textiles, machinery, cement, and soap. The city is a road and rail center. An ancient city probably founded by the Hittites, Adana was colonized (66 B.C.) by the Romans. It prospered under the Romans and then declined. The city was revived (c.A.D. 782) by Harun ar-Rashid. In the 16th cent. the city passed to the Ottoman Turks. Nearby is Karatepe, a Hittite archaeological site. Çukurova Univ. is in Adana.
Seyhan, a city in southern Turkey on the Seyhan River; the administrative center of the Adana vilayet. Population in 1965, 290,500. Adana has a railroad station and is a highway junction. It is the industrial and commercial center of an important cotton-growing area. Agricultural machines are manufactured there. Among its industries are textiles, cotton-ginning, footwear, and tobacco. Adana is the site of major mills and slaughterhouses. Cement is also manufactured there.