baobab

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baobab

(bä`ōbăb', bā`ō–), gigantic tree, Adansonia digitata, of India and Africa, exceeded in trunk diameter only by the sequoia. The hollow trunks of living baobabs have been used for dwellings; rope and cloth are made from the bark and condiments and medicines from the leaves; and the gourdlike fruit (monkey bread) is eaten. Research in the 21st cent. has indicated that the hollow trunks of large trees are in many instances a cavity that is created by the fusion of multiple stems, each of which in some cases is hundreds of years old. The Australian baobab, Adansonia gregorii, is also called boab or sour gourd. In spite of the enormous girth of the trees, they are not particularly tall, and thus have a bottlelike appearance. Baobab is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Malvales, family Bombacaceae.

baobab

a bombacaceous tree, Adansonia digitata, native to Africa, that has a very thick trunk, large white flowers, and a gourdlike fruit with an edible pulp called monkey bread
References in periodicals archive ?
The Problem of the Introduction of Adansonia digitata into India', in P.
Antioxidant capacity of Adansonia digitata fruit pulp and leaves.
1970) The medico-social and cultural significance of Adansonia digitata (baobab) in African communities.
Bignoniaceae Catalpa speciosa Warder seed Bombacaceae Adansonia digitata L.
David Baum, in "A Systematic Revision of Adansonia," says the common name is thought to derive from a sixteenth-century Arabic descriptive word buhibab, meaning "many-seeded fruit.
Logging road creation and falling trees do not discriminate against the tree species they fell (except for Adansonia spp.
The vegetation consists of several species of which the most remarkable are Rhizophora mangle, Rhizophora harissoni, Avicennia africana, Adansonia digitata (baobab), Khaya senegalensis, Cordyla penata (Dimb), Daniellia oliveri (santan).
Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Section B, Adansonia, v.