Adat


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ADAT

(Alesis Digital Audio Tape) A digital audio recording technology from Alesis, LLC, Cumberland, RI (www.alesis.com). In 1992, Alesis introduced the first 8-track digital tape recording system. It used S-VHS cassettes and was later known as the "Black Face" machine.

Widely deployed in recording studios around the world, ADAT machines were made in 16-bit Type I and 20-bit Type II models. Multiple units could be linked together via a fiber cable, and PC and Mac expansion cards provided a digital audio link to the units. In 2002, Alesis introduced a 24-track ADAT hard disk recorder and later ceased production of the tape recorders. See MDM.

Adat

 

(Arabic, custom), customary law among the Muslim peoples, as opposed to religious law, sharia. Many of the norms of adat—such as blood feuds and adoptive brotherhood—took shape when tribal relations were dominant. The decisions of courts of arbitration and the resolutions of meetings of rural communes played an important role in the formation and development of adat. The differences in local conditions account for the extreme diversity of adat. The norms of adat, which embody democratic principles to a certain extent, lost their initial character with the development of feudal relations; like feudal law, they were widely employed for the exploitation of workers.

In the USSR those norms of adat and sharia which contradict the norms of Soviet law are illegal. Certain actions sanctioned by adat are considered criminal by Soviet law, such as blood feuds, the acceptance of ransom to free one from blood feuds, bride money, and so on. The norms of adat which do not contradict Soviet law, such as wedding ritual, are considered custom.

A. S. OMAROV

References in periodicals archive ?
Struggles on adat land are often interlinked with different approaches to land.
Balinese nowadays define themselves through the unity of religion, adat and culture, that is, according to Picard (1999, p.
Homaid Al Shemmari, chief executive officer of Aerospace and Engineering Services at Mubadala, said: "This acquisition by Etihad Airways is a true testament to Adat's world-class MRO credentials and its exceptional workforce.
Hogan welcomed the Adat team to the Etihad Airways group."Our continued success is driven by our people who are committed to ensuring Etihad Airways is the best airline in the world."
Jeff Wilkinson, Etihad Airways' senior vice president Technical will be responsible for the combined MRO of Adat and the daily technical operations business.
I demonstrate how Sasak Muslim women draw on a range of magical forces and prayers that they learn from their Muslim teachers in response to adat and Islamic teachings that encourage the practice of polygamy as it is played out in the pesantren and its surrounding village community.
The courses were held at ADAT's training facility in Abu Dhabi.
BAE Systems on Wednesday announced that it's Commercial Aircraft Solutions business has entered into a Long Term Agreement (LTA) with Abu Dhabi Aircraft Technologies (ADAT) and SR Technics.
defence firm had joined Sikorsky Aerospace Services and main shareholder Abu Dhabi Aircraft Technologies (ADAT).
GE's Gulf interests include Abu Dhabi Aircraft Technologies (ADAT), Gulf Turbines Services, Mubadala GE Capital, Advanced Technology and Research Centre and GE oil and Gas Service Center in Qatar and GE Energy Manufacturing Technology Centre in Damam.
These include three specific practices of: land, technology, labour and surplus transfers; indigenous customs and laws (adat) and conflict management; and social mixing and interpersonal relations.