First we will induce large spin-orbit interaction in graphene by adatoms
deposition and heterostructures construction with transition metal dichalcogenides.
The high mobility of adatoms could promote the formation of Ti-Al bonds.
S] produces increment in the adatoms mobility and in the mass transfer in the orientation of the plane (111), changing to (200) where less compact structures can be found.
During the growth process, the atoms arrive perpendicularly to the surface improving the adatoms mobility.
The granularity of the films decreases for sample prepared at sputtering power of 80 W relative to that of 60 W due to the enhanced surface diffusion of the adatoms
at higher sputtering power.
Starting with a surface plated with a few oxygen adatoms, they added water - and the adatoms started to dance.
Remarkably, the adatoms didn't just slide up and down the stripes.
1] , L the diffusion distance of the adatoms
or vacancies in m; [sigma] the elastic surface stress at the tip of the crack in Nm-2, a the atom size in m; k the Boltzmann constant in [JK.
They show that the deposited metal grows preferentially in the  direction and that the deposited Ni adatoms display a sufficiently high mobility at the surface, so that they can diffuse fast to the growth centers.
The second factor is the presence of anions which are codeposited at the electrode surface with copper adatoms.
While STMs can manipulate adatoms into patterns on surfaces which could achieve storage densities [is greater than] [10.
Scanning tunneling microscopy Almaden's Don Eigler reported on a low-temperature STM method for manipulating surface adatoms into patterns.