Addis Ababa

(redirected from Addis Ababa, Ethiopia)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms.

Addis Ababa

Addis Ababa (ădˈĭs ăbˈəbə) [Amharic,=new flower], city (2021 metro. area pop. 5,005,524), capital of Ethiopia. It is situated at c.8,000 ft (2,440 m) on a well-watered plateau surrounded by hills and mountains. Addis Ababa is Ethiopia's largest city and its administrative and communications center. It is the main trade center for coffee, the country's chief export, and for tobacco, grains, and hides. The major industries produce food, beverages, processed tobacco, plastics, chemical products, textiles, and shoes. In addition, the city is the center of the nation's service and finance sectors. Addis Ababa has a large tourist industry. It is the hub of a highway network and a terminus of a railroad that runs to Djibouti, making Addis Ababa an important distribution center. The city also has a rapid transit system (opened 2015). An international airport is near Addis Ababa.

In 1886 the city, then known as Finfinnie, was chosen by Menelik II as the capital of his kingdom of Shoa and was renamed Addis Ababa. In 1889 it was made the capital of Ethiopia. In 1936 (during the Italo-Ethiopian War), Italy captured Addis Ababa and made it the capital of Italian East Africa. The city was recaptured by the Allies in 1941 and returned to Ethiopian rule. After World War II, the city experienced rapid growth.

The African Union (AU; the successor of the Organization of African Unity) and the UN Economic Commission on Africa are headquartered in Addis Ababa, which also hosts numerous international conferences. The Univ. of Addis Ababa, whose Institute of Ethiopian Studies runs an ethnological and traditional arts museum, and Ethiopian National Theatre are in Addis Ababa. The AU center, the imperial palace, the parliament building, and the Coptic and Roman Catholic cathedrals are notable buildings.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Addis Ababa


(“new flower” in Amharic), the capital of Ethiopia; the country’s largest city and its industrial and cultural center. Located on the Ethiopian plateau at an elevation of more than 2,400 m, it has a population of 664,000 (1968; about 400,000 in 1958). A highway junction, it is connected by a railroad with the port of Djibouti in French Somaliland and has an international airport. The main industrial enterprises in Addis Ababa are light industry (textiles, leather, and footwear), the food industry (flour mills, butter plants, and meat and dairy plants), woodworking, and the construction materials industry. Handicraft production includes woven, leather, ceramic, metal, and wooden items. There is trade in coffee, hides, grain, oils, honey, livestock, and handmade goods.

Founded in 1887, Addis Ababa was made capital of Ethiopia by Emperor Menelik II in 1889. A conference of African heads of states and governments was held in Addis Ababa in May 1963 at which the Organization of African Unity (OAU) was founded.

Most of the buildings in the city are one-story houses of mud, stone, or wood. The few modern high-rise buildings include the state bank, the city hall, the television center, the ministry of foreign affairs, the chamber of commerce (all built in 1965), and Africa Hall (1963) with a huge stained-glass panel (150 sq m), designed by Afewerk Tekle. In the southern part of the city there is the Haile Selassie I Square (Aduwa Square) with a stone statue of a lion, the symbol of the Ethiopian state. In the center of the city there is the Menelik II Square with an equestrian statue of Menelik II and St. George’s Cathedral (built in the late 19th century), which was restored in the 1950’s and decorated by Afewerk Tekle and Millaf Khiruyu. The Holy Trinity Cathedral (1941), the palace of Menelik II (1894), and the 27 Miyadziya Square with a monument honoring the liberation from Italian occupation are located in the eastern part. A memorial to the victims of Fascism has been erected on the 12 Yagatit Square (1955, sculptor A. Augustinčić).

Addis Ababa has a university, the University Library, the National Library, a museum of history and ethnology, a national theater, and the Institute of Ethiopian Studies (1963). Addis Ababa has been the residence of the UN Economic Commission for Africa since 1958 and of the OAU since 1963.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Addis Ababa

the capital of Ethiopia, on a central plateau 2400 m (8000 ft.) above sea level: founded in 1887; became capital in 1896. Pop.: 2 899 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
"The project will help not only the Lebawi Academy students in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, but also us to learn from each other's experiences and participate in building stronger value-based societies for creating a peaceful world that provides growth opportunities for all of us," Ahmad al-Naimi said.
Riek Machar for medical checkup in South Africa arrived from Addis Ababa, Ethiopia at 1:00am on Thursday was detained for over 24 hours at the airport and was deported back to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia the following day on Friday afternoon together with her bodyguard Gabriel Kuok Dang," he further explained.
"According to credible information, extremists are planning to bomb unspecified locations within Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, during the African Union Summit," the Sydney Morning Herald quoted the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), as saying in its latest travel advice.
Our attention has been drawn to the fact that the OAU headquarters in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, was not a former prison donated by Emperor Haile Sellasie at the birth of the OAU in 1963, as reported by Baffour in our June issue.
The same 2.5-million-year-old sediment that yielded these fossils contains animal bones bearing the earliest known traces of butchery, reports a team headed by anthropologist Berhane Asfaw of the Rift Valley Research Service in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Either A.
Member states of the African Union in session at the union's headquarters in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Tiksa Negeri/Reuters ADDIS ABABA - 26 May 2019: Egyptian Ambassador in Addis Ababa Osama Abdel Khaleq has said that the AU is witnessing a quantum leap in terms of continental integration under the presidency of Egypt.
The Vice-President called members of the Sudanese community in Addis Ababa to be united and to organize themselves and pledged support for establishment of a Sudanese cultural center in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. SA/SA
IGAD mediators and South Sudan negotiating teams at the sigining of the ceasefire agreement in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia January 23, 2014 (IGAD/CEWARN Photo)
Over the next few weeks and months, the network will grow further with Salalah, Oman (May 22), Basra and Sulaymaniyah (Iraq on June 3 and August 20 respectively), Chengdu (China on September 3) and the newly-announced routes of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (September) Clark International Airport, Philippines (October 28) and Philadelphia, USA (2 April 2014).
Summary: Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Jumada II 21, 1432, May 24, 2011, SPA - India on Tuesday announced a $5 billion line of credit to Africa and unveiled a slew of measures to give a massive boost to infrastructure development and capacity building to further consolidate its "unique" and "enduring"...
The striking skeletal variations encompassed by this species challenge the increasingly common practice of using subtle anatomical differences to define new species in the hominid fossil record, concludes a research team headed by anthropologists Gen Suwa of the University of Tokyo and Berhane Asfaw of Rift Valley Research Service in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.