Addis Ababa

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Addis Ababa

(ăd`ĭs ăb`əbə) [Amharic,=new flower], city (1994 pop. 2,112,737), capital of Ethiopia. It is situated at c.8,000 ft (2,440 m) on a well-watered plateau surrounded by hills and mountains. Addis Ababa is Ethiopia's largest city and its administrative and communications center. It is the main trade center for coffee, the country's chief export, and for tobacco, grains, and hides. The major industries produce food, beverages, processed tobacco, plastics, chemical products, textiles, and shoes. In addition, the city is the center of the nation's service and finance sectors. Addis Ababa has a large tourist industry. It is the hub of a highway network and a terminus of a railroad that runs to DjiboutiDjibouti
, officially Republic of Djibouti, republic (2005 est. pop. 477,000), c.8,900 sq mi (23,057 sq km), E Africa, on the Gulf of Aden. It is bounded by Eritrea (N), Ethiopia (W, S), Somalia (S), and the Gulf of Aden (E).
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, making Addis Ababa an important distribution center. The city also has a rapid transit system (opened 2015). An international airport is near Addis Ababa.

In 1886 the city, then known as Finfinnie, was chosen by Menelik IIMenelik II
, 1844–1913, emperor of Ethiopia after 1889. He was originally ras (ruler) of Shoa (central Ethiopia). After the death (1868) of Emperor Tewodros II, Menelik, with Italian support, gained strength steadily. He seized the throne after Emperor Johannes IV died.
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 as the capital of his kingdom of Shoa and was renamed Addis Ababa. In 1889 it was made the capital of Ethiopia. In 1936 (during the Italo-Ethiopian War), Italy captured Addis Ababa and made it the capital of Italian East AfricaItalian East Africa,
former federation of the Italian colonies of Eritrea and Italian Somaliland and the kingdom of Ethiopia. The federation was formed (1936) to consolidate the administration of the three areas.
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. The city was recaptured by the Allies in 1941 and returned to Ethiopian rule. After World War II, the city experienced rapid growth.

The African Union (AU; the successor of the Organization of African UnityOrganization of African Unity
(OAU), former international organization, established 1963 at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, by 37 independent African nations to promote unity and development; defend the sovereignty and territorial integrity of members; eradicate all forms of colonialism;
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) and the UN Economic Commission on Africa are headquartered in Addis Ababa, which also hosts numerous international conferences. The Univ. of Addis Ababa, whose Institute of Ethiopian Studies runs an ethnological and traditional arts museum, and Ethiopian National Theatre are in Addis Ababa. The AU center, the imperial palace, the parliament building, and the Coptic and Roman Catholic cathedrals are notable buildings.

Addis Ababa


(“new flower” in Amharic), the capital of Ethiopia; the country’s largest city and its industrial and cultural center. Located on the Ethiopian plateau at an elevation of more than 2,400 m, it has a population of 664,000 (1968; about 400,000 in 1958). A highway junction, it is connected by a railroad with the port of Djibouti in French Somaliland and has an international airport. The main industrial enterprises in Addis Ababa are light industry (textiles, leather, and footwear), the food industry (flour mills, butter plants, and meat and dairy plants), woodworking, and the construction materials industry. Handicraft production includes woven, leather, ceramic, metal, and wooden items. There is trade in coffee, hides, grain, oils, honey, livestock, and handmade goods.

Founded in 1887, Addis Ababa was made capital of Ethiopia by Emperor Menelik II in 1889. A conference of African heads of states and governments was held in Addis Ababa in May 1963 at which the Organization of African Unity (OAU) was founded.

Most of the buildings in the city are one-story houses of mud, stone, or wood. The few modern high-rise buildings include the state bank, the city hall, the television center, the ministry of foreign affairs, the chamber of commerce (all built in 1965), and Africa Hall (1963) with a huge stained-glass panel (150 sq m), designed by Afewerk Tekle. In the southern part of the city there is the Haile Selassie I Square (Aduwa Square) with a stone statue of a lion, the symbol of the Ethiopian state. In the center of the city there is the Menelik II Square with an equestrian statue of Menelik II and St. George’s Cathedral (built in the late 19th century), which was restored in the 1950’s and decorated by Afewerk Tekle and Millaf Khiruyu. The Holy Trinity Cathedral (1941), the palace of Menelik II (1894), and the 27 Miyadziya Square with a monument honoring the liberation from Italian occupation are located in the eastern part. A memorial to the victims of Fascism has been erected on the 12 Yagatit Square (1955, sculptor A. Augustinčić).

Addis Ababa has a university, the University Library, the National Library, a museum of history and ethnology, a national theater, and the Institute of Ethiopian Studies (1963). Addis Ababa has been the residence of the UN Economic Commission for Africa since 1958 and of the OAU since 1963.


Addis Ababa

the capital of Ethiopia, on a central plateau 2400 m (8000 ft.) above sea level: founded in 1887; became capital in 1896. Pop.: 2 899 000 (2005 est.)
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En esa tragica secuencia, los aviones de Asmara bombardearon la cabecera provincial del Tigray, Mekele, y Adigrat, una villa montanosa, que calificaron de objetivo militar, mientras que las autoridades de Addis Abeba golpeaban mas a fondo con dos ataques contra el aeropuerto capitalino de Eritrea.
In accordance with the speech of HM King Mohammed VI at the 28th African Union (AU) Summit in January 2017 in Addis Abeba, Morocco took part in the debate with a constructive spirit and a positive approach to contribute to the African Agenda in terms of peace, stability, security and development", he said shortly after the end of the 31st session of the Executive Council of the Pan-African Organization.
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Addis Abeba , 27 Mai (SUNA) - Le Groupement national des droits humains seminaire national des droits de l'homme a organise un seminaire sur le role de l'Union africaine pour parvenir a la paix en Afrique ,aujourd'hui, au siege de l'Union africaine a Addis-Abeba dans le cadre de la celebration du cinquantieme anniversaire de la fondation de l'Organisation de l'unite africaine.
Dans une conference de presse organisee recemment, Dr Bah Eddine a annonce que la reunion de la commission tripartite pour evaluer les repercussions de la construction du Barrage sur le Nil Bleu sera tenue fin fevrier dans la capitale ethiopienne Addis Abeba.
Warm applause from those present at the Addis Abeba hotel met the presentation of the candidacy of the Equatoguinean Agapito Mba Mokuy, when he went on the podium to give the official speech of his candidacy for the President of the AU Commission.
ADDIS ABEBA, Ethiopie, 17 decembre 2013/African Press Organization (APO)/ -- La Presidente de la Commission de l'Union africaine (UA), Dr Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, suit, avec une profonde preoccupation, la situation au Soudan du Sud, marquee, depuis le soir du dimanche 15 decembre 2013, par des affrontements dans certaines parties de la ville de Juba.
Les presidents soudanais Omar el-Bechir et sud-soudanais Salva Kiir se sont engages samedi a Addis Abeba a fixer un calendrier pour relancer l'application d'accords essentiels, au point mort depuis trois mois, portant notamment sur le partage des ressources petrolieres, ont annonce les mediateurs.
beaucoup moins que] Le president (sud-soudanais Salva Kiir) reviendra d'ici 15 jours a Addis Abeba pour parachever l'accord de paix [beaucoup plus grand que], a-t-il ajoute.
Addis Abeba is soon to have a new Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) that covers one corridor of the city with parliament approving a 50 million euro credit facility secured from Agence France de Development (AFD).
ADDIS ABEBA, Ethiopie, 16 decembre 2013/African Press Organization (APO)/ -- La Presidente de la Commission de l'Union africaine (UA), Dr Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, a appris, avec choc et tristesse, l'attaque perpetree contre un mini-bus a Eastleigh, dans la banlieue de Nairobi, le samedi 14 decembre 2013, et qui a coute la vie a un certain nombre de civils innocents et a cause des blessures a plusieurs autres.
Les presidents soudanais, Omar el-Bechir, et sud-soudanais, Salva Kiir, se sont rencontres hier samedi a Addis Abeba sous l'egide de l'Union africaine, pour la premiere fois depuis que les deux chefs d'Etat rivaux ont signe en septembre une serie d'accords restes lettre morte.