Johann Christoph Adelung

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Adelung, Johann Christoph


Born Aug. 8, 1732, in Halle; died Sept. 10, 1806. German philologist.

With J. S. Vater, Adelung published the work entitled Mithridates, or Universal Philology Exemplified by the Lord’s Prayer in Nearly 500 Languages and Dialects, a type of linguistic encyclopedia of the beginning of the 19th century. In Mithridates the languages are basically classified according to their geographical and not according to their genealogical features and random characteristics. Adelung is the author of a German-language dictionary that was highly authoritative in 18th-century Germany. His works reflect the striving of the philologists of the 18th century for a comprehensive treatment of the material and were an important stage in the formation of the comparative historical method and theoretical linguistics.


Mithridates oder allgemeine Sprachenkunde mit dem “Vater Unser” als Sprachprobe in beinahe fünfhundert Sprachen und Mundarten, vols. 1–4. Berlin, 1806–17.
Versuch eines vollständigen grammatisch-kritischen Wörterbuches der hochdeutschen Mundart, 2nd ed., vols. 1–4. Leipzig, 1793–1801.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
We can take our cue from Johann Christoph Adelung's Worterbuch (1774-1786), in which, as in Johann Georg Sulzer's Allgemeine Theorie (1771/1774), the word does not occur except as a nominalisation for stimmen, to 'raise one's voice or tone' or to 'tune a musical instrument'.
Adelung, "Light, force, and heat: a multi-stimuli composite that reveals its violent past," ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, vol.
(101) Both Kruenitz, (102) an eighteenth-century encyclopedia edited between 1773 and 1858 and Adelung, (103) an eighteenth-century German critical dictionary edited between 1793 and 1810, define 'Handelschaft' as the business of exchanging goods with the purpose of profit.
They are just like fettucine," compares Professor Rainer Adelung, Chairperson of the Functional Nanomaterials group.
One notable exception is Poecilimon tschorochensis Adelung, 1907, which produces narrow-banded low frequency and broad-banded ultrasound dominated song components (Heller et al.
(Adelung y Vater, 1812, III: 393) asimilan <Kenneka> con el vocablo <<de la Patagonia austral>>, <kunny>= <<gente>>, evidentemente tomado de <cunnee>= <<gente>>, de Falkner (1974:176), que, como nota Lehmann-Nitsche (2002: 20), corresponde a <kene>= <<gente>> en genena a iajich.
Denny Adelung with a good nyala taken with Mokore Safaris and PH Doug Duckworth in Mozambique.
"It's fascinating," says materials scientist Rainer Adelung of Kiel University in Germany.
ADELUNG, F., Die Korssunschen Thuren in der Kathedralkirche zur Heil.
"Many joining methods involve chemical reactions, which may change the polymers' properties and can cause injurious or even toxic effects on organisms," explains Rainer Adelung, PhD, from Kiel University in Germany.