Aden Protectorate

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Aden Protectorate


from 1839 until 1967 a colonial possession of England. It consisted of the Crown Colony of Aden, which included the city of Aden, the islands of Perim and Kuria Muria, the East and West Aden protectorates, and the island of Kamaran. English colonial rule in Aden began with the seizure of the city of Aden in 1839; English control over the entire territory of Aden was established completely by the 1930’s. Aden was administered by the English government in India until April 1937, when it became a Crown Colony of Great Britain. With the aim of strengthening their rule during the violent uprising of the Aden peoples’ war of liberation, the English imperialists created the Federation of South Arabia in early 1959 on part of Aden’s territory. On Nov. 30, 1967, as a result of the victory of the national revolution, the People’s Republic of Southern Yemen was created on the territory of Aden. On Nov. 30, 1970, it became the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen.


Val’kova, L. V. Angliiskaia kolonial’naia politika ν Adene i adenskikh protektoratakh. Moscow, 1968.

L. N. KOTLOV [1–639–2; updated]

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In January 1963, in response to growing nationalist unrest in the region, the British persuaded the sheikhdoms of the Aden Protectorates to merge with the Colony of Aden and form the Federation of South Arabia (FSA).