adenoids


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adenoids

(ăd`ənoidz'), common name for the pharyngeal tonsils, spongy masses of lymphoid tissue that occupy the nasopharynx, the space between the back of the nose and the throat. Normally the adenoids, like the palatine tonsils located on either side of the throat, help prevent infection in the surrounding tissues. However, when they become enlarged they interfere with normal breathing and sometimes with hearing. When severely enlarged, adenoids can affect normal dental development, resulting in an alteration of facial expression. Infection of the adenoids is common, the symptoms resembling those of tonsillitis, with which it is frequently associated. Surgical removal of the adenoids is advisable when enlargement and repeated infection interfere with development and health. See respirationrespiration,
process by which an organism exchanges gases with its environment. The term now refers to the overall process by which oxygen is abstracted from air and is transported to the cells for the oxidation of organic molecules while carbon dioxide (CO2
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Adenoids

 

(or adenoidal growths), enlarged pharyngeal tonsils, which are located in the upper back portion of the throat behind the nasal passage. Adenoids are most frequently observed in children four to eight years of age. The major symptom of adenoids is difficulty in nasal breathing. As a result, the child’s mouth is almost always open, his teeth grow incorrectly, and he is susceptible to chronic head colds. When the adenoids are extremely enlarged, the voice takes on nasal tones, causing m and η to sound like b and d. By blocking the opening of the eustachian tubes, which connect the middle ear to the throat, adenoids cause repeated ear infections that lead to gradual impairment of hearing. Children with adenoids often suffer from insomnia, which results in decreased attention span and poor memory. Sometimes bed-wetting occurs. The treatment of adenoids is surgical. After their removal, nasal breathing does not return immediately, and breathing exercises are beneficial (on the advice of a physician).

L. V. NEIMAN

References in periodicals archive ?
Adenoids were graded radiologically as a continuous variable from I to IV.
In either case an ENT surgeon might recommend removing the adenoids together with the tonsils to improve breathing, or remove the adenoids when inserting grommets to help with the treatment of glue ear.
We measured TLR 1-10 mRNA levels in epithelial cells isolated from hypertrophic adenoids with or without pediatric CRS.
1) On the other hand, the existence of bacterial pathogens in the nasopharyngeal tissue in children suffering from CR, and more so in children with hypertrophic adenoids, has driven clinicians to maximize treatment in those children, either medically or surgically.
Adenotonsillectomy (AT), the surgical removal of adenoid and tonsils, is the primary treatment for OSAS in children.
There is, however, a clinical trial underway to test whether tonsil and adenoid surgery does help some kids' behavior problems.
Tonsils and adenoids are strategically located near the entrance to the breathing passages where they can catch incoming infections" says Dr.
Oral habits In the study group, 13 patients presented hypertrophic adenoids and 11 patients presented enlargement of tonsils.
In recent years, studies have shown that children with recurrent middle ear infections have enlarged adenoids and tonsils that are extensively covered by a biofilm (i.
MUSCAT: When nine-year-old Rehab died at the operation table while being treated for adenoid recently, her father had asked the doctor the cause of her death.
We aimed to: (i) describe the incidence of abnormal pathological findings in the tonsils and/or adenoids of children undergoing tonsillectomy or adenotonsillectomy at RCH; (ii) determine the incidence of tuberculosis of the tonsils and adenoids in children of the local population; (iii) suggest criteria to identify children at risk for adenotonsillar tuberculosis; (iv) determine the association between HIV and adenotonsillar abnormalities, including HIV-related lymphomas involving Waldeyer's ring; and (v) determine the cost-effectiveness of routine pathological examination of adenotonsillectomy specimens in our setting, and to suggest criteria to decide which specimens to send for histological examination.
examined the possibility that tonsillar tissues, which include the adenoids, are sites of persistent HBoV infection.