adipocyte

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Related to Adipocytes: Preadipocytes

adipocyte

[′a·də·pə‚sīt]
(cell biology)
An animal cell that stores fat.
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Oil red O and alizarin red staining showed that these cells also could differentiate into adipocytes and osteoblasts after induction [Figure 2]c and [Figure 2]d.
The Cbf-beta/Runx2 complex also inhibited expression of the enhancer protein C/EBP-alpha that promotes differentiation of adipocytes.
Compared to control, a significant decrease in relative intensity of GLUT4 protein by approximately 36% was observed when adipocytes were treated with simvastatin.
One scenario is that disruption of metabolic regulation in adipocytes results in increased efflux of free fatty acids (FFAs), which could activate locally resident macrophages, adding to the pro-inflammatory milieu in the AT.
3T3-L1 adipocytes differentiated in the presence of lignosulfonic acid significantly increased glucose uptake by approximately 2-fold at a concentration of 1.
Adipose tissue acts as a complex endocrine gland and adipocytes express and secrete a large number of signaling molecules (Horska et al.
However, the precise molecular mechanisms through which HIV inhibits Acrp30 production remain elusive, although studies suggest that HIV proteins, particularly protein R suppresses transcriptional activity of PPAR-[gamma], which is associated with regulation of Acrp30 gene expression in human adipocytes [72].
The study showed how brown adiposederived stem cells that were differentiated step-wise to functional 3D brown adipocyte constructs were loaded into an encapsulation device designed to be used as a cell-based therapeutic for treating metabolic disorders.
The origin of the beige adipocyte is complex; some beige adipocytes arise in epididymal white fat from precursors that express platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha PDGFRa, cD34, and spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 (SCA1) proteins [29-34].
White adipocytes were isolated by collagenase digestion as described by Rodbell [12] with the modifications described by Guerra et al.
Adipose tissue, adipocytes, adiponectin, body fat and triglycerides are among a flotilla of adiposity-related terminology popular in the vocabulary of body weight and physical-appearance-conscious consumers.
By analyzing the cellular circuitry underlying the strongest genetic association with obesity, the researchers have unveiled a new pathway that controls human metabolism by prompting our adipocytes, or fat cells, to store fat or burn it away.