adipocyte

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adipocyte

[′a·də·pə‚sīt]
(cell biology)
An animal cell that stores fat.
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The most abundant adipose cell types are the white adipocytes that contain a single intracellular lipid droplet and localize to specific depots within the body.
TNF[alpha] acts as a paracrine mediator to enhance insulin resistance in adipose cells. Furthermore, it is an important mediator of several cardiovascular events, such as heart failure and atherosclerosis [60].
Generally, the adipose tissue is composed in large part of adipose cells and the adipose cells could be divided into white adipose cells and brown adipose cells that differ in the microscopic morphologies and functions (Saito 1997).
We found that c-Kit + ASCs had an intrinsic proangiogenic capability and stimulated IL-3 release, which could promote the proliferation of 4T1 breast cancer cells or the growth of mature adipose cells. However, the tumor microenvironment in solid tumors is hypoxic, and c-Kit has been reported to participate in the formation of the tumor vasculature via promoting HIF-1[alpha]-mediated VEGF expression [46,47].
On the other hand, the capillary number was determined in relation with the number of adipose cells in both tissues at a magnification of 40x (Figures 1(a) and 1(b)).
On histopathological examination of the resected tumor, the tumor consisted of plump to thin spindle cells growing in a bundle shape (Figure 4(a)) and adipose cells (Figure 4(b)).
Therefore, the practical goals of treatment are to produce good-quality bone (osteogenesis) and to inhibit production of the abnormal adipose cell intruders (adipogenesis).
In primary adipose cells from either risk or non-risk individuals, altering the expression of either IRX3 or IRX5 switched between energy-storing white adipocyte functions and energy-burning beige adipocyte functions.
Short-term exercise enhances insulinstimulated GLUT-4 translocation and glucose transport in adipose cells. J Appl Physiol 1998; 85: 2106-2111, doi: 10.1097/00005768-199705001-00118.
In this first clinical application, Renevia will be used as a delivery matrix for autologous adipose cells to treat the facial lipoatrophy associated with HIV, concluded the company.
Identification and characterization of leptin-containing intracellular compartment in rat adipose cells. Am.
The angiomyolipoma was composed of mature adipose cells, smooth muscle cells and blood vessel.