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Adjuncts are parts of a sentence that are used to elaborate on or modify other words or phrases in a sentence. Along with complements, subjects, verbs, and objects, adjuncts are one of the five main components of the structure of clauses. A distinguishing feature of adjuncts is that their removal from sentences does not alter the grammatical integrity and correctness of the sentence. In other words, adjuncts expand on the word or phrase that they are modifying, but their presence in sentences is not needed for the sentence to stand alone. Nouns, adjectives, and adverbs can all be adjuncts.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(1) In a number of West European countries and in prerevolutionary Russia (at the Academy of Sciences, some institutions of higher learning, and also at the universities before the introduction of the Statute of 1863), a person doing his qualifying scientific apprenticeship; an assistant to an official, department head, professor, or academician; or a graduate assistant.

(2) In the USSR, a military officer who is preparing for a research or teaching position at a higher military educational institution or an armed forces research institute.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Adjuncts who applied to graduate school with lofty ambitions of cutting-edge scholarship and visions of a warm, mentoring relationship with students end up with short-term contracts, long hours, low pay, limited opportunities for research, and only fleeting connections with the people who sit in their classes.
Tom Sheeran has been a part-time adjunct instructor since the early 2000s at the University of Scranton and Marywood University in Scranton, Pennsylvania, teaching in addition to his full-time job as a licensed social worker.
Utilizing continuing education is a beneficial tool to assist clinical adjunct nursing instructors in transitioning towards the role of nursing educator.
Adjunct faculty won salary increases in each of the collective bargaining agreements ratified at 35 colleges and universities between 2010 and 2016, the Chronicle of Higher Education reported this past June.
Adjunct faculty frequently do not have their own union, although the Adjunct Faculty Association at Nassau Community College gives them their own voice.
There have been, however, several studies in recent years related to the supports needed by nursing adjunct faculty to promote successful transition to academia (Brannagan & Oriol, 2014; Elder, Svoboda, Ryan, & Fitzgerald, 2016; Rice, 2016; Santisteban & Egues, 2014; Schaar, Titzer, & Beckham, 2015).
Adjunct faculty are often paid far less per class than full-time faculty members (Dolan, 2011), work for multiple institutions (Caruth & Caruth, 2013; Langen, 2011), and are less committed to an institution where they teach than their full-time counterparts (McClurg, 2009).
The simplest definition of an adjunct faculty member is an instructor who teaches part-time at a postsecondary institution.
Despite some institutions opting for alternate oversight models such as a scheduler or a series of program leads, many non-profit traditional universities entering the online education space and some for-profit online institutions use a department or program chair model whereby the department chair directly leads and oversees adjunct faculty (T.
Members of such organizations are perfect candidates for adjunct teaching.
The financial outlook is not good for those who are reliant on an adjunct salary.
All three of us have served at various schools as adjunct professors and full-time faculty, and Richard has been an accounting coordinator responsible for hiring adjuncts (see "Adjuncts and IMA").