Adjunct

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adjunct

Adjuncts are parts of a sentence that are used to elaborate on or modify other words or phrases in a sentence. Along with complements, subjects, verbs, and objects, adjuncts are one of the five main components of the structure of clauses. A distinguishing feature of adjuncts is that their removal from sentences does not alter the grammatical integrity and correctness of the sentence. In other words, adjuncts expand on the word or phrase that they are modifying, but their presence in sentences is not needed for the sentence to stand alone. Nouns, adjectives, and adverbs can all be adjuncts.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Adjunct

 

(1) In a number of West European countries and in prerevolutionary Russia (at the Academy of Sciences, some institutions of higher learning, and also at the universities before the introduction of the Statute of 1863), a person doing his qualifying scientific apprenticeship; an assistant to an official, department head, professor, or academician; or a graduate assistant.

(2) In the USSR, a military officer who is preparing for a research or teaching position at a higher military educational institution or an armed forces research institute.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ashar Foley is a former adjunct and current lecturer in the communications and media department at Fordham University, which in 2018 ratified a three-year collective bargaining agreement with adjuncts.
With the churn in contracts, they are forced every semester to find adjuncts to teach more and more courses in a self-perpetuating cycle.
Because of the Affordable Care Act, since 2014 colleges have been required to offer health insurance to adjuncts and part-time staff, including temporary employees, who work the equivalent of 30 hours per week (penalties began in 2015).
Besides the adjuncts, Waubonsee has 115 full-time faculty members.
Adjuncts typically don't get health insurance from schools, which saves those institutions money.
This is in line with this study, which revealed the need for new adjuncts to have a deeper understanding of the OT programs and universities in which they teach.
[H.sub.0]: There is no significant relationship between the department chair's transformational leadership style and the continuance commitment of the online adjuncts.
"The Department of Accounting has an ongoing need for highly qualified adjunct faculty to staff a variety of courses each semester at the undergraduate and graduate levels.
Despite some slowdown in the online sector, more than 70% of all faculty hired are adjunct versus full time.
The topic of her presentation is "Using Oak Adjuncts for Specific Winemaking Goals." Saying too many winemakers are imprecise about their use of adjuncts, Seabrook will reveal how to avoid common winemaking mistakes.
"The unionization efforts of adjuncts will help aid this trend because as adjuncts become more expensive, to the extent that the unionization is successful, the institutions will begin to think more about the notion of the benefits of full-time instructional faculty who are not on tenure tracks, rather than adjuncts," Ehrenberg concluded.
The chair of the accounting department usually schedules classes and hires adjuncts for accounting courses.