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Adjuncts are parts of a sentence that are used to elaborate on or modify other words or phrases in a sentence. Along with complements, subjects, verbs, and objects, adjuncts are one of the five main components of the structure of clauses. A distinguishing feature of adjuncts is that their removal from sentences does not alter the grammatical integrity and correctness of the sentence. In other words, adjuncts expand on the word or phrase that they are modifying, but their presence in sentences is not needed for the sentence to stand alone. Nouns, adjectives, and adverbs can all be adjuncts.
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(1) In a number of West European countries and in prerevolutionary Russia (at the Academy of Sciences, some institutions of higher learning, and also at the universities before the introduction of the Statute of 1863), a person doing his qualifying scientific apprenticeship; an assistant to an official, department head, professor, or academician; or a graduate assistant.

(2) In the USSR, a military officer who is preparing for a research or teaching position at a higher military educational institution or an armed forces research institute.

References in periodicals archive ?
Academic leaders have long relied on adjuncts as an essential part of the higher ed workforce.
Elmhurst College spokeswoman Desiree Chen, however, said the college never filed to seek a religious exemption because adjuncts withdrew their petition to the labor relations board before a hearing scheduled for Nov.
I Adjunct faculty positions are a good way for professionals to begin a career in academia.
The unionization efforts of adjuncts will help aid this trend because as adjuncts become more expensive, to the extent that the unionization is successful, the institutions will begin to think more about the notion of the benefits of full-time instructional faculty who are not on tenure tracks, rather than adjuncts," Ehrenberg concluded.
This is most effective when a school regularly hires a large number of adjuncts or is located in less-populated areas with few qualified local professionals.
The Arkansas State University System, however, does track adjuncts and had data available for its four community colleges and its flagship university at Jonesboro.
Look to adjuncts to share their classroom innovations.
Compared with adjuncts whose sole income is from teaching at three, four or five schools, we hobbyists are in the minority.
The adjunct faculty in Duquesne s McAnulty College and Graduate School of Liberal Arts handily won a union election, with 85% voting in favor of the union over two years ago in July 2012.
As a result, some adjuncts may enter the profession underprepared for their assignment.
Some adjuncts teach according to a semester-by-semester contract; some have their primary employment responsibilities tied to another employer; and some string multiple adjunct or temporary positions together to provide full-time teaching employment (Louziotis, 2000; Peters & Boylston, 2006).
Unlike full professors, most adjuncts earn just a few thousand dollars per class, with scant benefits and little job security.