Adjustment


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adjustment

[ə′jəst·mənt]
(geodesy)
The determination and application of corrections to orthometric differences of elevation or to orthometric elevations to make the elevation of all bench marks consistent and independent of the circuit closures.
The placing of detail or control stations in their positions relative to other detail or control stations.
(psychology)
The process of mental change to allow an individual to function harmoniously with his environment.

Adjustment

 

the aggregate of operations concerning the preparation, tooling, regulation, and tuning of a machine, with the aim of ensuring its performance under predetermined conditions during a definite time interval (an hour, shift, or day; the period of durability of the tool or the period for processing a set of parts). Adjustment is a part of the production process.

Adjustments are usually performed after assembly of machines (after installation) or after a temporary stoppage because of malfunction (breakdown, wear, decrease in rigidity, loss of precision, and so on). Adjustment is performed on machine tools, measuring instruments, electrical and radio equipment, transportation equipment, and tools, as well as their aggregates (for example, a transportation system or a flow production line).

The cost of adjustments may be decreased by using standardized elements and automatic adjustment devices. Adjustment costs have been reduced to a minimum for machines with programmed control and automatic control systems.

References in classic literature ?
Life flowed past him, deep and wide and varied, continually impinging upon his senses, demanding of him instant and endless adjustments and correspondences, and compelling him, almost always, to suppress his natural impulses.
She was a grand example of Kraft's theory of the artistic adjustment of nature.
It was our love of the Unerring Artistic Adjustment of Nature that inspired us.
Our fears must have been prophetic, for on that same evening the wildwood discharged upon us Milly's preordained confiscator--our fee to adjustment and order.
At last the bollworm had attacked the cotton--the poison ivy was reaching out its tendrils to entwine the summer boarder--the millionaire lumberman, thinly disguised as the Alaskan miner, was about to engulf our Milly and upset Nature's adjustment.
Then," said I, "when you led us against the lumberman--the-- Klondiker--it wasn't altogether on account of the Unerring Artistic Adjustment of Nature?
Adaptation, according to him, is merely a secondary activity, a mere re-activity, and he is therefore quite opposed to Spencer's definition: "Life is the continuous adjustment of internal relations to external relations.
Because, there is always such a thing as an adjustment of affairs, in the case of people of any standing at all.
But her musings did not stop here, for she was wise enough to think that by a good and merciful adjustment this must be human nature, and that the old sexton, with his plans for next summer, was but a type of all mankind.
A recalcitrant metal shaper insisted on peeking from under his lapels, and his ready-made tie with its two grey satin-covered cardboard wings pushed out of sight, see-sawed, necessitating frequent adjustments.
The accidental balance on the side of Progress was far slighter and infinitely more complex and delicate in its adjustments than the people of that time suspected; but that did not alter the fact that it was an effective balance.
They seemed to be completing the adjustments of some new piece of mechanism.