Erich Raeder

(redirected from Admiral Erich Raeder)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Raeder, Erich

 

Born Apr. 24, 1876, in Wandsbek, near Hamburg; died Nov. 6, 1960, in Kiel. Naval officer in fascist Germany, admiral of the fleet (1939).

Raeder joined the navy in 1894. During World War I he took command of a cruiser in 1917. He was chief of the naval staff from 1928 and commander in chief of the navy from 1935 to 1943. Raeder advocated the creation of a powerful navy and the conduct of unlimited submarine warfare. He urged that Great Britain be totally defeated before beginning the aggression against the USSR. Raeder retired in 1943. In 1946 he was sentenced to life imprisonment by the Nuremberg International Tribunal. He was released in 1955.

WORKS

Der Kreuzerkrieg in den ausländischen Gewässern, vols. 1–3. Berlin, 1922–27.
Mein Leben, vols. 1–2. Tübingen, 1956–57.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Germany's Grand Admiral Erich Raeder was later given a report by the U-boat commander Lemp about the attack and he in turn took the matter to Hitler, who decided it should remain a secret and the submarine's log rewritten to hide the facts.
Germany's Grand Admiral Erich Raeder was later given a report by the U-boat commander Lemp about the attack and he, in turn, took the matter to Hitler, who decided it should remain a secret and the submarine's log rewritten to hide the facts.
In line with this, Admiral Erich Raeder (1876-1960), commander in chief (CINC) of the Kriegsmarine (German navy) from 1928 to 1943, built a fleet that was not intended to challenge Britain again unilaterally, but instead to complement Germany's policies on the continent.
The most potentially dangerous plan involving Gibraltar was put forward by Admiral Erich Raeder in 1940.
Bird (Chancellor of the Kentucky Community and Technical College System) has produced the first book-length scholarly biography of the career Admiral Erich Raeder, who led the German navy from 1938 to 1943.
Among the luminaries were General Dietrich von Choltitz, the commanding officer of Nazi-occupied Paris who refused Hitler's orders to burn the city; Grand Admiral Erich Raeder, who as Commander-in-Chief of the German Navy until 1943, was responsible for the policy of the unrestricted U-boat warfare; and General Jurgen von Arnim, the prize of the North Africa Campaign.
Also in mid-September, the German Admiral Erich Raeder recommended that the invasion be postponed indefinitely, citing the presence of more than 30 British destroyers off the coast of southwestern England as one of the decisive deterrents.
Instrumental in obtaining this concession had been Grand Admiral Erich Raeder and the German naval command who were anxious not to lose the last chance of rallying the French fleet to the Axis.
In his reply to Groener's question, "Does Germany need large warships?," the chief of naval command, Admiral Erich Raeder (1876-1960), championed the earlier naval concept, which focused on a potential conflict with France and Poland.
Grand Admiral Erich Raeder, commander -in-chief of the German Navy, said on 3 September 1939, the day Britain and France declared war: "The submarine arm is still much too weak to have a decisive effect on the war."
Hitler's views were shared by Admiral Erich Raeder (1876-1960), CINC of the Kriegsmarine and the Naval Warfare Directorate (Seekriegsleitung--SKL).