Adolf Eichmann


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Related to Adolf Eichmann: Joseph Goebbels, Heinrich Himmler

Eichmann, Adolf

(īkh`män), 1906–62, German National Socialist official. A member of the Austrian Nazi party, he headed the Austrian office for Jewish emigration (1938). His zeal in deporting Jews brought him promotion (1939) to chief of the Gestapo's Jewish section. Eichmann promoted the use of gas chambers for the mass extermination of Jews in concentration camps, and he oversaw the maltreatment, deportation, and murder of millions of Jews in World War II. Arrested by the Allies in 1945, he escaped and settled in Argentina. He was located by Israeli agents in 1960 and abducted to Israel, where he was tried (1961) and hanged for crimes against the Jewish people and against humanity.

Bibliography

See biography by D. Cesarani, Becoming Eichmann (2006); H. Arendt, Eichmann in Jerusalem (1963, rev. ed. 2006); J. Donovan, Eichmann: Mastermind of the Holocaust (1978); P. Rassinier, The Real Eichmann Trial (1980); D. E. Lipstadt, The Eichmann Trial (2011); B. Stangneth, Eichmann before Jerusalem: The Unexamined Life of a Mass Murderer (2014).

Eichmann, Adolf

 

Born Mar. 19, 1906 in Solingen in the Rhineland; died June 1,1962, in Ramleh, Israel. Fascist German war criminal.

Eichmann joined the security service of the SS (Schutzstaffel) in 1934 and subsequently headed the subsection on Jewish affairs. In World War II he helped to draft and implement plans for the physical extermination of the Jewish population in Europe, and he was directly in charge of the shipment of Jews to concentration camps. After the defeat of fascist Germany, Eichmann fled to Argentina. In 1960 he was seized by agents of the Israeli intelligence service. Eichmann was sentenced to death after being tried by a court in Jerusalem and was executed in the prison in the city of Ramleh.

References in periodicals archive ?
THE TOPIC: Adolf Eichmann, one of the key organizers of the Holocaust, evaded capture at the end of World War II and fled to Argentina under a false name.
Fifteen years after the end of World War II, Israel captured alive Adolf Eichmann, one of the chief architects of the Holocaust.
The story of the official Israeli interrogation of Adolf Eichmann, master executor of the Final Solution, receives a detached and mechanical treatment in "Eichmann.
More notoriously, March 19 was also the birthday of Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann, who is sometimes referred to as the "architect of the holocaust" and was executed by hanging in 1962.
Rezso Kasztner, conocido como el Schindler judio, negocio cara a cara con Adolf Eichmann, rescatando a 1700 judios en un tren a Suiza, y pudo haber salvado diez millones de vidas mas.
Some have questioned how this case differs from the capture of Nazi Germany's Adolf Eichmann by Israeli security forces in Buenos Aires in May 1960, an extrajudicial action that was widely praised at the time.
Israeli Pensioners Minister and former Mossad agent Rafi Eitan said in an interview to German magazine Der Spiegel last week that the same tactics to capture Nazi Holocaust mastermind Adolf Eichmann could be used to sieze Ahmadi-Nejad and haul him before the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague.
Eitan, a onetime spy involved in the operation to kidnap Nazi mastermind Adolf Eichmann and bring him to trial, said Sept 9 the same tactic could be used in the case of Ahmadi-Nejad to bring him before the International Criminal Court for trial on war crimes charges.
Forty-five years ago, this Nazi paper trail and the hard work of individuals both Jewish and German, led to the capture, trial, and execution of one of the most dedicated "desk murderers," Adolf Eichmann.
When the Cold War eclipsed interest in pursuing former Nazis, Wiesenthal tracked down Adolf Eichmann, chief architect of the murderous Final Solution or Jewish genocide, who had escaped to Argentina.
The point of the comparison was that Adolf Eichmann, in Churchill's words, "was not charged with direct killing but with ensuring the smooth running of the infrastructure that enabled the Nazi genocide" and such "German industrialists were legitimately targeted by the Allies?
Anything that kept Nazi cruelty current, such as the arrest and trial of Adolf Eichmann, was a boon to these magazines.