Adolf Eichmann

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Related to Adolph Eichmann: Joseph Goebbels, Heinrich Himmler

Eichmann, Adolf

(īkh`män), 1906–62, German National Socialist official. A member of the Austrian Nazi party, he headed the Austrian office for Jewish emigration (1938). His zeal in deporting Jews brought him promotion (1939) to chief of the Gestapo's Jewish section. Eichmann promoted the use of gas chambers for the mass extermination of Jews in concentration camps, and he oversaw the maltreatment, deportation, and murder of millions of Jews in World War II. Arrested by the Allies in 1945, he escaped and settled in Argentina. He was located by Israeli agents in 1960 and abducted to Israel, where he was tried (1961) and hanged for crimes against the Jewish people and against humanity.


See biography by D. Cesarani, Becoming Eichmann (2006); H. Arendt, Eichmann in Jerusalem (1963, rev. ed. 2006); J. Donovan, Eichmann: Mastermind of the Holocaust (1978); P. Rassinier, The Real Eichmann Trial (1980); D. E. Lipstadt, The Eichmann Trial (2011); B. Stangneth, Eichmann before Jerusalem: The Unexamined Life of a Mass Murderer (2014).

Eichmann, Adolf


Born Mar. 19, 1906 in Solingen in the Rhineland; died June 1,1962, in Ramleh, Israel. Fascist German war criminal.

Eichmann joined the security service of the SS (Schutzstaffel) in 1934 and subsequently headed the subsection on Jewish affairs. In World War II he helped to draft and implement plans for the physical extermination of the Jewish population in Europe, and he was directly in charge of the shipment of Jews to concentration camps. After the defeat of fascist Germany, Eichmann fled to Argentina. In 1960 he was seized by agents of the Israeli intelligence service. Eichmann was sentenced to death after being tried by a court in Jerusalem and was executed in the prison in the city of Ramleh.

References in periodicals archive ?
First, the United States could bring criminal prosecutions in its domestic courts for crimes against humanity and for violations for international conventions (114) under the principle of universal jurisdiction, as Israel did when it prosecuted Adolph Eichmann for his role in the Holocaust.
In Thomas Merton's 1966 essay, "A Devout Meditation in Memory of Adolph Eichmann," Merton unveils the horror of such sanity.
Gray Davis and Peter Malkin, the Mossad secret agent who single-handedly captured Holocaust architect Adolph Eichmann from a street in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Adolph Eichmann accepted two million dollars Kastzner paid him for their safety, and then agreed only to spare 100,000.
In the autumn of 1960, Mossad agent Arliss Howard tracks down Adolph Eichmann in Argentina.
Another telling item is an earlier study (Harrower, 1976) cited in the text, in which 15 Rorschach experts were asked to examine the inkblot responses of several major Nazi war criminals (including Adolph Eichmann, Rudolf Hess, and Hermann Goering), along with the Rorschach results of eight Americans, some of whom were well adjusted and some of whom were severely disturbed, without revealing any of the individual's identities.