Adrian Prakhov

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Prakhov, Adrian Viktorovich


Born Mar. 4 (16), 1846, in Mstislavl’; died May 1 (14), 1916, in Yalta. Russian art historian, archaeologist, and art critic.

Prakhov graduated from the University of St. Petersburg in 1867 and began teaching art history there in 1873. Beginning in 1875, he taught at the Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg, and from 1887 to 1897, he taught at the University of Kiev. In Kiev he supervised the construction and fresco painting of the Vladimir Cathedral. He also studied a number of Old Russian paintings of the 11th to 13th centuries, as well as ancient oriental works of art. He edited the arts sections of the magazines Pchela (The Bee; 1875–78) and Khudozhestvennye sokrovishcha Rossii (The Art Treasures of Russia; 1904–07). In a number of his articles, including some directed against the Academy of Arts, for which he was barred from teaching there in the late 1870’s, he welcomed realistic art. However, at the end of the 19th century, he shifted to a conservative, conformist position.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the 'Peter facing' variant, the tsar's face is drawn from a 'living mask' that Benois himself discovered in the Hermitage in 1903, and discussed in the 1903 volume of the journal Art Treasures of Russia (Khudozhestvennye sokrovishcha Rossii), which Benois co-edited with Adrian Prakhov. (7) Up until Benois' uncovering of the long-hidden living mask in 1903, artists had drawn Peter's face exclusively from his death mask.
(4) Benois also edited the journals Art Treasures of Russia (Khudozhestvennye sokrovishcha Rossii) with Adrian Prakhov (1901-03), and Bygone Years (Starye gody) with V.A.
(12) This seems to be confirmed by the introduction to Volume 1 of Art Treasures of Russia, edited by Benois and Adrian Prakhov (1901), where a call is made to take art out of the museums, free it from the domain of "specialists" and involve the Russian public in their artistic heritage.