Edirne

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Edirne

(ĕdēr`nĕ), formerly

Adrianople

(ā'drēənō` pəl), city (1990 pop. 102,325), capital of Edirne prov., NW Turkey, in Thrace. It is the commercial center for a farm region where grains, fruits, and tobacco are grown and cattle and sheep are raised. The city was founded (c.A.D. 125) by Hadrian, the Roman emperor, on the site of Uscudama. Of great strategic importance and strongly fortified, the city has had a turbulent history. The defeat (378) of Emperor Valens by the Visigoths at Adrianople left Greece open to invasion by barbarian tribes. Later conquered by the Avars, the Bulgarians, and the Crusaders, the city passed to the Ottoman Turks in 1361 and was the residence of the Ottoman sultans until the conquest of Constantinople in 1453. Russia captured the city twice (1829 and 1878) during the Russo-Turkish Wars. It fell (1913) to Bulgaria in the First Balkan War but was restored to Turkey after the Second Balkan War. It passed to Greece by the Treaty of Sèvres (1920), but was again restored to Turkey by the Treaty of Lausanne (1923). The city's many mosques include the great mosque of Selim II (completed 1574). The city was also called Orestia by Byzantine writers.

Edirne

 

a city in northwestern Turkey; situated in the valley of the Maritsa River, in Eastern Thrace. Administrative center of Edirne Vilayet. Population, 63,000 (1975).

Edirne, an important transportation junction on the border with Bulgaria and Greece, is situated on the Istanbul-Sofia rail line and is a highway junction. It is the trade center of an agricultural region producing grains and oil-yielding seed. Edirne has flour and vegetable-oil mills and a cotton-textile factory.

Edirne is thought to have been founded by the ancient Thracians, who called it Odrys. From the fourth to the mid-second century B.C. it was a colony of Macedonia and was called Orestia. The city came under Roman rule in the second half of the second century B.C. In A.D. 125 it was rebuilt by the Roman emperor Hadrian and named Hadrianopolis (Adrianople) in his honor. From the late fourth to the mid-14th centuries it was part of Byzantium, except for the period 1204–61, when it was part of the Latin Empire. In the early 1360’s it was conquered by the Ottoman Turks and named Edirne. It was the capital of the Ottoman Empire until 1453.

Ancient Edirne, which had a regular layout, was situated in the southwestern part of the present-day city. To the northeast there is a medieval Muslim city, with radial streets. Architectural monuments include several notable mosques, for example, Eski Cami (1403–13), Uç Şerefeli (1437–47), and Selimiye Cami (1569–75, architect Sinan).

Edirne

a city in NW Turkey: a Thracian town, rebuilt and renamed by the Roman emperor Hadrian. Pop.: 126 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Tras el desastre de Adrianopolis, acaecido el 9 de agosto dei ano 378, en el que los ejercitos romanos de Oriente fueron aplastados y su comandante el emperador Valente desaparecio en combate probablemente muerto a manos de los enemigos, la confianza dei pueblo romano en sus ejercitos habia quedado resquebrajada.
38 km de estrada que liga a sede municipal de Cerro Azul a sede de Adrianopolis, sendo o primeiro trecho entre Cerro Azul e o bairro de Mato Preto (15,5 km), atingindo uma ponte sobre o rio Mato Preto; e o segundo entre o bairro do Rocha e o eixo da barragem (22,5 km), com uma ponte sobre o rio do Rocha (CBA & CNEC, 2005a: 74).
Asi, durante los once anos posteriores al saqueo de Roma del 410 por los godos de Alarico, Honorio entro seis veces triunfalmente en la ciudad, casi el mismo numero que en la decada que siguio a la batalla de Adrianopolis de 378, en la que perecieron el emperador Valente y la mayor parte de su ejercito (41).
Al dejar Estambul, el autor comienza la serie casi ininterrumpida de iglesias en ruinas o abandonadas, en las distintas localidades del pais, algunas de las cuales florecieron bajo Bizancio y otras en las cuales hubo poblacion cristiana hasta 1923 o hasta mediados del siglo XX: Bursa (Isnik), Adrianopolis (Edirne), Kidonies (Ayvalik), Magnesia (Manusa), Esmirna (Izmir), Atalia (Antalya), Mersin, Antioquia (Antakya), Sinope (Sinop), Trebizonda (Trabzon).
Siniestramente, esta situacion no puede dejar de recordar al desenlace de la batalla de Adrianopolis en el ano 378, con un muy semejante esquema y motivaciones: celoso de los exitos logrados contra los alamanes en el Rin, Valente no quiso esperar a su sobrino Graciano y decidio combatir a los godos en solitario con su ejercito, con el desastre consiguiente de todos conocido.
Therefore he ordered the general [Peter, the emperor's brother] to leave Adrianopolis, and commended him to make the crossing of the Ister.
Los conflictos del Imperio con los barbaros, desde la batalla de Adrianopolis en 378 al saqueo de Roma en 410, conmovieron profundamente al mundo romano.
Este trabajo quiere plantear, en este sentido, una reflexion sobre la integracion de dichos pueblos barbaros en el marco geografico de la G-alia del siglo lV, con anterioridad a la batalla de Adrianopolis, en un intento por comprender el modus operandi tanto del poder imperial como de estos pueblos, dentro del contexto cultural, social y politico que les toco vivir.
Por esta epoca los dominios territoriales del Imperio se reducian a la Capital, Adrianopolis en Tracia, aunque rodeada completamente por el Imperio Serbio de Esteban Dusan, Tesalonica y algunas islas del Egeo.
As experiencias referem-se aos municipios de Adrianopolis, Vale do Ribeira - Sul e Santo Amaro da Purificacao, Reconcavo Baiano -- Nordeste (ver Figura 1).
De un modo u otro, los distintos emperadores lograron mantener un status que comenzo a agrietarse definitivamente con episodios como el desastre de Adrianopolis en 378.
Desde la caida de Adrianopolis en el siglo XIV, la de Tesalonica de Constantinopla en el siglo XV, la de Chipre en la centuria siguiente, la de Creta en el siglo XVII, hasta la misma Catatrofe de Esmirna en 1922 han sido recordadas y lamentadas por poemas populares.