living will

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living will,

legal document in which a person expresses in advance his or her wishes concerning the use of artificial life supportartificial life support,
systems that use medical technology to aid, support, or replace a vital function of the body that has been seriously damaged. Such techniques include artificial pacemakers, internal defibrillators, dialysis machines (see kidney, artificial), and
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, to be referred to should the person be unable to communicate such wishes at the end of life. A living will usually goes into effect only when two physicians certify that a patient is unable to make medical decisions and that the patient's medical circumstances are within the guidelines specified by the state's living-will law. Typically, living wills are used to direct loved ones and doctors to discontinue life-sustaining measures such as intravenous feeding, mechanical respirators, or cardiopulmonary resuscitationcardiopulmonary resuscitation
(CPR), emergency procedure used to treat victims of cardiac and respiratory arrest. CPR can be done in a hospital with drugs and special equipment or as a first-aid technique.
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 that the patient would reject were he or she able. Without clear and convincing evidence of a person's wishes (such as a living will), life support may be continued indefinitely because of hospital policies, fear of liability, or a doctor's moral beliefs, even if the family believes the patient's wishes would be otherwise. Living wills are often used in conjunction with a health-care proxyhealth-care proxy,
legal document in which a person assigns to another person, usually called an agent or proxy, the authority to make medical decisions in case of incapacitation. It is, in essence, a power of attorney for health care.
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, which authorizes a previously chosen person to make health-care decisions in the event of incapacity. Most states have legislation authorizing living wills. See also euthanasiaeuthanasia
, either painlessly putting to death or failing to prevent death from natural causes in cases of terminal illness or irreversible coma. The term comes from the Greek expression for "good death.
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.

Bibliography

See publications of Choice in Dying.

living will

a document stating that if its author becomes terminally ill, his or her life should not be prolonged by artificial means, such as a life-support machine
References in periodicals archive ?
If the desire is to avoid any of a variety of procedures aimed at extending life when the patient's death really is close at hand no matter what anyone does, then the advance health care directive would best be devoted to describing the threshold in the mortality process after which no health care services are wanted, save for those aimed solely at the patient's comfort.
The different states may or may not permit advance health care directives.
Should the routine discussion of advance health care directives be prioritized as highly as Dr Lo recommends?
Advance health care directives are also important documents that the clinic helps to provide to homeowners.
Those changes include an expansion of the scope of advance health care directives to include mental health care.
The legal authorities including: Limited Power of Attorney; Durable Power of Attorney; health Care power of Attorney; general Power of Attorney; Unlimited power of Attorney; Advance Health Care Directives, and more.
Location of my will, advance health care directives, financial power of attorney, and organ donor form.

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