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see attorneyattorney,
agent put in place of another to manage particular affairs of the principal. An attorney in fact is an agent who conducts business under authority that is controlled and limited by a written document called a letter, or power, of attorney granted by the principal.
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a person who practices the profession of rendering legal assistance. In the USSR, an advocate must be a citizen and must have a higher education in law and no less than two years of experience in legal work. A person who does not have a higher legal education but does have at least five years of experience in legal work may be admitted to a college of advocates (Kollegiia advokatov ) by permission of the council of ministers of an autonomous republic or the executive committee of a regional (territorial) soviet of workers’ deputies. Advocates are subject to the general labor legislation with the specific conditions of their work taken into consideration. Soviet advocates render legal assistance to the population, enterprises, institutions, and organizations in the form of consultation and advice on legal questions, interpretation of and information on legislation, the preparation of complaints, petitions, and other legal documents. Advocates act as defense counsels for persons under indictment or as representatives of civil plaintiffs, defendants, and victims in criminal cases and as representatives of the parties or other participants in civil cases. In some cases, legislation provides for the mandatory participation of an advocate in the proceedings—for instance, in all cases of crimes committed by minors. In cases of crimes of minors or of persons whose physical or mental handicaps prevent them from exercising their right of defense, an advocate may act as defense counsel from the moment the charge is made. In all other cases, he may do so from the moment the defendant has been informed of the completion of the preliminary investigation. The colleges of advocates may conclude agreements with institutions, enterprises, organizations, and kolkhozes on conducting cases for them in courts and arbitration tribunals.

An advocate is obligated to use all the methods and techniques of defense specified by law to bring out the circumstances that might lead to the acquittal of the defendant or to the mitigation of his responsibility and to render all necessary help to the defendant. An advocate does not have the right to withdraw from a case he has assumed or to divulge information that he has received in the process of rendering legal assistance.

In the USSR, advocates’ services are accessible to the population, thanks to a wide network of legal consultation offices and the low fees for services. In many cases, legal assistance is rendered free of charge: in labor cases, in cases on collecting alimony, and in preparing various statements for disabled persons of the first and second groups, for enlisted men, and others. Oral information is also rendered free. The presidium of the college of advocates or the manager of a legal consultation office may also waive the fee for other types of legal aid, depending on the financial situation of the person who has asked for legal help.

In contrast to bourgeois states, there is no private law practice in the USSR and other socialist countries. Every advocate must be a member of the college of advocates, through which he receives all cases or other commissions to render legal assistance. In the USSR, all advocates have equal rights and can plead in any court. There is no division of advocates into higher and lower categories such as existed in prerevolutionary Russia (sworn attorney and private attorney, the latter allowed to plead only in a lower court) or such as still exists in Britain (barrister and solicitor) and in France (avocat and avoué).



1. a person who pleads his client's cause in a court of law
2. Scots Law the usual word for barrister
References in periodicals archive ?
preveheixen que vacant alguna de les advocacions ordinaries de avant per cessum vel decessum que lo dit micer Abat en tot cas reste en loch de tal advocat (53).
Country: USASector: HealthcareTarget: Advocat Inc Buyer: Covington Investments LLCDeal size in USD: 44mType: Corporate acquisitionStatus: BiddingBuyer advisor: Avondale Partners LLC, Baker Donelson Bearman Caldwell & Berkowitz PC Comment: Avondale Partners LLC
Prior to Advocat, he served as president of Hallmark Rehabilitation GP LLC and Hospice Care of the West, subsidiaries of Skilled Healthcare Group Inc.
The family of Margarethe Sauer, who died at 93, brought a medical malpractice negligence action against Advocat and its affiliates because of evidence she had been neglected and malnourished before she died.
The plan is for Advocat to go chasing for the rest of the season,'' trainer Noel Meade said.
On May 11, 2012, Covington announced that it submitted a merger proposal to the board of Advocat on May 11, 2012.
Not only that, but Advocat officials say the Tennessee nursing home operator was never supposed to be a plaintiff.
43 million, including $63 million in punitive damages divided equally among the three affiliated companies operating the nursing home-Tennessee-based Advocat, Diversicare Leasing and Diversicare Management Services Co.
David Murray changed his mind, the reasons being they wanted pounds 5 million and Dick Advocat needed Scots in his side.
based Advocat recently made public its operating and financial results for the first quarter ended March 31, 2000.
Meade will run Cockney Lad in the Leinster Beginners Chase at Naas on Saturday, but fellow Arkle Trophy entry Advocat will miss the race to wait for drier ground.
The race was a disaster for those who backed the two 8-1 favourites, Advocat and Impulsive Dream.

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