Perhaps the most parsimonious explanation for the mirroring of adzes
, scrapers and specialist engravers from stone to glass forms (using apparently similar technological approaches) is that the same organisational systems for implement manufacture and maintenance, and the extraction of resources, were still in place following contact.
Radiocarbon dating is available for only two early TPK sites, Xinyuan and Bajia (or Bajiacun) in south-western Taiwan, where the lower stratigraphic layers contained diagnostic TPK pottery, shell and stone adzes
(but no stone knives for crop harvesting), and shell midden.
In this paper, I will introduce some basic information about Kayanic oral traditions regarding stone adzes
and suggest some avenues for possible future comparative study.
The men buried with adzes
appear to have lived on food grown in areas of loess, the fertile and productive soil favored by early farmers.
ROCK ON In the fall of 1999, a group of five expert and five apprentice Langda adze
makers welcomed Stout into their fold.
Of the 58 mainly slate and schist adzes
found during the 2007-2008 excavations at Kamassi, 51 have rectangular cross-sections and only 7 are lenticular.
Classification of the Long Pahangai and Long Tuyoq stone adzes
Interestingly, only three sampled adzes
provided reliable elemental data and all three were made of copper, not bronze.
Stone tools include flaked choppers, points and scrapers, as well as polished adzes
By the eighteenth century, nephrite adzes
were distributed in high numbers throughout the South Island and were in use in lesser frequencies throughout the North Island.
While quadrangular cross-section adze
blades are the most common 'type' in the quarry and in collections of finished adzes
(Emory 1968: 162-4; Kirch 1990), there is also evidence for a multiplicity of reduction strategies and tool forms throughout the history of the quarry complex (McCoy 1990: 101) and, indeed, at other Hawaiian quarries as well (Dye et al.
Among the basalt bifacial tools of the Late Neolithic/Chalcolithic, the relative amounts of adzes
increased, as did the number of miniature bifacials, sometimes made of exotic raw materials (often called 'votive').