e iudicia populi, Idee vecchie e nuove sul diritto criminale romano, Padova, 1988.
, American courts have substantially weakened the old common law
A new Latin inscription from Mousela Episkopis, with its mention of the aediles
Gortyniorum, appears to be a piece of Severan evidence for continued attention to the transit and communications network of Roman Crete, along which Aptera, Lappa, and Eleutherna were critical stations.
It is possible, though, that the city's annually elected magistrates--the aediles
and duovirs--failed in their duty as law-enforcers when faced with the breakdown in civic order that follows such events: a situation especially dangerous in societies where the gulf between rich and poor--free and unfree--is so great.
An ideal edition would have explanatory appendices like those very helpful ones included in Colleen McCullough's "Masters of Rome" novels, to help us distinguish among aediles
, praetors, quaestors, and so on.
More specifically, the importance of the cult of Cybele for Rome was manifested in the conspicuous position it occupied in the Roman religious calendar and public life, as Cybele was the first of the deities honored by the aediles
Servilius Isauricus as consuls; the correct number of praetors (all eligible to hold the office), aediles
, and quaestors.
The legal ban on alea which was part of the supervisory duties of the junior magistrates called aediles
was relaxed during the great festivals, especially the Saturnalia in December.(38) Martial evokes the atmosphere: "Now the schoolboy puts away his walnuts and is ordered back by his bullying teacher, and the gambler, badly let down by the harmless-seeming dice-pot, is chucked out of the obscurity of the tavern, drunkenly begging the aedile
for a few more hours.
Claudius Pulcher's role in dealing with a case of electoral fraud discovered at an assembly to elect aediles
sometime in the 50s, as Varro presents it (R.