Also found in: Dictionary.


McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(from Aegir, the Scandinavian god of the sea), also aegirine, a rock-forming mineral, a silicate of the group of monoclinic pyroxenes, with the chemical composition NaFe[Si2O6]. It contains admixtures of Mn, Zn, Ti, Nb, Zr, and V. As a result of the isomorphism Na+ ⇆ Ca2+ accompanied by the replacement of Fe3+ by (Mg, Fe)2+ or Si4+ by Al3+, transitions are observed to aegirite-diopside, aegirite-hedenbergite, and aegirite-augite.

Aegirite occurs in the form of elongated tabular, columnar, or acicular crystals, radiated and fibrous (”mermaid hair”) concretions, and sometimes spherulites. The color ranges from green to greenish black; sometimes the mineral is almost colorless. Aegirite has a vitreous luster, a hardness of 5.5–6 on Mohs’ scale, and a density of 3,400–3,600 kg/m3.

Aegirite is a typical mineral in alkali rocks and associated pegmatites; it is also characteristic of zones of alkaline metasomatism that develop after various intrusive and sedimentary-metamorphic rocks (gneisses, schists, and ferruginous quartzites). In agpaitic nepheline syenites it is found together with nepheline, orthoclase, eudialite, and apatite. In alkali granites it occurs with albite, riebeckite-arfvedsonite, and zircon. In zones of alkaline metasomatism it is found together with albite, hematite, and pyrochlore. Aegirite alters to chlorite, hematite, and limonite.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.