Aegospotamos


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Aegospotamos

(ē'gəspŏ`təməs), river of ancient Thrace flowing into the Hellespont. At its mouth in 405 B.C. occurred the culminating battle of the Peloponnesian WarPeloponnesian War
, 431–404 B.C., decisive struggle in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta. It ruined Athens, at least for a time. The rivalry between Athens' maritime domain and Sparta's land empire was of long standing. Athens under Pericles (from 445 B.C.
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. Lysander and his Spartan fleet had come north to cut the grain supply of Athens. The Athenian fleet under Conon came to Aegospotamos and at first vainly tried to induce the Spartans to fight. Despite the warnings of AlcibiadesAlcibiades
, c.450–404 B.C., Athenian statesman and general. Of the family of Alcmaeonidae, he was a ward of Pericles and was for many years a devoted attendant of Socrates. He turned to politics after the Peace of Nicias (421 B.C.
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, Conon and his men did not take proper precautions. Lysander fell upon them and completely destroyed the Athenian fleet.