Albert Cuyp

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Cuyp, Albert


Born October 1620 in Dordrecht; died there Nov. 15, 1691. Dutch painter.

Cuyp was influenced by Jan van Goyen and Salomon van Ruysdael. His work also shows the influence of Dutch Italianate landscape painting. Although Cuyp worked in many genres, he is best known for his river scenes, which included human figures and animals and were always executed in light golden tones. He usually depicted the mirrorlike surface of a river in the early-morning, mid-day, or evening sun. In Cuyp’s landscapes the sun shines behind the clouds, animals graze along the riverbank, and the silhouettes of sails or city buildings melt in a light haze. Examples of his work are Sunset on the River and The Listing Sailboat (both are in the Hermitage in Leningrad).


Vipper, B. R. Ocherki gollandskoi zhivopisi epokhi rastsveta (1640–1670). Moscow, 1962. Pages 33–37.
References in periodicals archive ?
In which artistic field did Aelbert Cuyp (or Kuyp) become well known?
In a monumental canvas by Aelbert Cuyp, Orpheus plays the violin for an enchanted menagerie of animals from Europe and around the globe.
The original collection, which Hope sold off gradually, included works by Rembrandt, Rubens, Canaletto, Tintoretto and Aelbert Cuyp, many of which were auctioned off at Christie's.
Bonington, in the ample time Gros left his pupils, made watercolour sketches of the pictures in the Louvre; particularly, one suspects, of the seascapes of Aelbert Cuyp and the two Ruisdaels, Salomon and his nephew Jacob.
Inspired by works of Aelbert Cuyp, Esaias van de Velde, and Paulus Potter, he became more and more interested in painting animals: sheep flocks on country roads, oxen in plowing scenes.
For example, a painting by Aelbert Cuyp, whose studio was in Batavia in the decade 1640 to 1650, depicts a male slave holding a parasol above a Dutch couple; the slave wears European costume and he has the same hairstyle and features as the male slave painted by Coeman.
These gnome-like, deformed creatures could not be further from the classical beauties of Claude Lorrain or the pastoral fresh-faced labourers in a landscape by Aelbert Cuyp.
The Royal Collection contains outstanding works by Aelbert Cuyp, the most poetic of all Dutch landscape artists.
Paulus Potter's A Young Bull and Two Cows in a Meadow (1649), accompanies works by Jacob van Ruisdael, Aelbert Cuyp and Jan van der Heyden.
His experience of the French countryside was informed by his memory of the works of Jacob van Ruisdael, Aelbert Cuyp, and other 17th-century Dutch landscapists.
Aelbert Cuyp, a placid and harmonious landscapist, although no match for Berchem and Hobbema at their best, has been lucky in the draw of the pictures.
Much more testing is the close relationship between the 17th century Dutch painter Aelbert Cuyp and his pupil Abraham van Calraet, their shared initials adding an innocent source of confusion to the natural stylistic resemblance between teacher and pupil.