Aerosol Therapy


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Aerosol Therapy

 

a therapeutic application of dispersed systems of aerosols. The use of aerosols for therapeutic, prophylactic, diagnostic, and narcotic prescription is based on the possibility of rapid, painless application of necessary medications to wound surfaces, mucous membranes, and respiratory passages of the lungs, from which these substances enter the blood. There is a distinction made between natural and artificial aerosol therapy.

Natural aerosol therapy is defined as the inhalation under natural conditions of pure air which contains beneficial additives in the form of ions of seawater elements, therapeutic mineral water, substances produced by plants (conifers, camphor trees, lindens, laurels, various herbs), and phyton-cids.

Artificial aerosol therapy may be administered by the fumigation of open wounds and sections of diseased skin, the inhalation of smoke from medicinal herbs, and the inhalation of hot steam, which may be pure or mixed with medication. Aerosol therapy has become widespread with the use of various kinds of spray apparatus. Dry, moist, and oily aerosols of either local or general effect are used in aerosol therapy. It is possible to atomize sea and mineral water, various salt solutions, infusions of medications, herbs, phytoncids, enzymes, hormones, vitamins, antiseptics, many antibiotics, and other substances. Aerosol therapy by means of inhalation is administered in diseases of the respiratory passages and lungs and in certain other illnesses. Prophylactic inhalation of aerosols is prescribed for bacillus carriers and for the prevention of surgical complications; it is also used to dissolve harmful industrial aerosols or to facilitate their expulsion from the lungs.

One kind of artificial aerosol therapy is electroaerosol therapy, which consists of imparting a positive or negative electrical charge to the aerosols. Special apparatus, known as electroaerosol generators, are used for electroaerosol therapy.

REFERENCE

Eidel’shtein, S. I. Osnory aerozol’terapii. Moscow, 1967.

N. M. VORONIN

References in periodicals archive ?
While the dead volume of jet nebulizers range from 1 mL to 2.5 mL, the greater the dead volume the less amount of drug delivered to patients during aerosol therapy. Michotte et al.
Kleinerman, "Aerosol therapy for the treatment of osteosarcoma lung metastases: targeting the Fas/FasL pathway and rationale for the use of gemcitabine," Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery, vol.
Device cleaning and infection control in aerosol therapy. Respir Care 2015;60(6):917-930.
So, supported by the literature, we can put any policies and procedures suggesting blow-by aerosol therapy for babies into the respiratory therapy dumpster.
The inhalation of atropine is avoided in therapy since it is associated with significant systemic side effects owing to a high rate of absorption across the respiratory tract mucosa into the bloodstream.[20,21] Ipratropium, a new synthetic derivative, is poorly absorbed into the circulation and has been shown to have an important role in aerosol therapy and to cause few side effects.[22,23]
In case of clinical benefit, NIV should not be interrupted for aerosol therapy; therefore, the preferred option is to connect a nebulizer to a single-limb circuit in a position as close to the patient as possible.
The questionnaire was designed to obtain information regarding the parent's perception of aetiology, triggers, asthma symptoms and effectiveness of treatment of asthma with focus on aerosol therapy, which included metered dose inhalers (MDI), dry powder inhalers (DPI), and nebulizer therapy.
The second component of the patient visit will include a review and reinforcement of prescribed home care therapy that usually involves home oxygen delivery systems and/or aerosol therapy. Safe and proper use of all equipment along with routine cleaning and other infection control measures should be covered during each visit.
Chapter 5 is about Aerosol Therapy and is essentially unremarkable inasmuch as nearly all the material presented is already within the command of most RTs.
Endotracheal tube for nasal and oral intubation, with low pressure cuff size, mm 4.5; for nasal and oral intubation, with a low-pressure cuff, endotracheal tube for nasal and oral intubation, with low pressure cuff size, mm 3,0; for nasal and oral intubation, with a low-pressure cuff, endotracheal tube curved, northern, nasal, with low pressure cuff size, mm 8,0; type murphy, the device for oxygen and aerosol therapy is fluometric, for performing flow spirometry.