Æthelwulf

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Æthelwulf

(ĕ`thəlwo͝olf, ă`–), d. 858, king of Wessex (839–56), son and successor of Egbert; father of ÆthelbertÆthelbert,
d. 865, king of Wessex (860–65), son of Æthelwulf. After the death of his father in 858 he ruled Kent, Surrey, Sussex, and Essex, and he reunited them with Wessex when in 860 he succeeded his brother Æthelbald in that kingdom.
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, ÆthelredÆthelred
, d.871, king of Wessex (865–71), son of Æthelwulf and brother of Alfred. He succeeded his brother Æthelbert as king of Wessex and as overlord of Kent and possibly of East Anglia.
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, and AlfredAlfred,
849–99, king of Wessex (871–99), sometimes called Alfred the Great, b. Wantage, Berkshire. Early Life

The youngest son of King Æthelwulf, he was sent in 853 to Rome, where the pope gave him the title of Roman consul.
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. He was lord of Kent, Surrey, Sussex, and Essex before his father's death in 839. As king of Wessex he was compelled to defend his realm against constant Danish attacks, and he won a notable victory over them at Aclea in 851. He also campaigned against the Welsh. A man of great piety, he went with his son Alfred to Rome in 855. In 856 he took as his second wife Judith, daughter of Charles II (Charles the Bald) of France. Learning before his return to England that his son Æthelbald, who had ruled in his absence, would resist his resumption of the kingship, Æthelwulf left his son as king of Wessex and himself ruled only in Kent and its dependencies, where Æthelbert succeeded him.
References in periodicals archive ?
Uncertain of what was to come but grateful for the new title, Aethelwulf accepted the crown and fled with his family.
With all early West Saxon there is the problem of telling when 'Anglian' or 'Mercian' items that appear do so as part of a genuine dialect mixture and when as a result of the Mercianizing scribal tradition that affects most ninth-century charters, even grants by West Saxon kings of land well south in Wessex, such as the famous one by AEthelwulf in 847 of land om Homme or as a good West Saxon should have written ymb Hamme "around Ham" the South Hams in Devon, S298.
Ecbert orders Aethelwulf to rescue Kwenthrith from enemy forces in Mercia.
The case relates to a tweet from an account which goes by the name Aethelwulf.
But the AEthelwulf story also performs a structural and conceptual function in the Vita Alfredi as a whole.
The Vita Alfredi begins with a brief dedication to Alfred, a version of the West Saxon royal genealogy, and Asser's account of the reign of AEthelwulf, Alfred's father.
24) Possession of the land passes sometimes to the Danes and sometimes to the AngloSaxons until 851, when AEthelwulf engages the invaders at Aclea and gains a decisive victory.
If the AEthelwulf annals are written by the Alfred annalist, this avoidance of territory is typical of his strategy; nonetheless, the annalist's recourse to genealogy highlights a significant formulation of AEthelwulf's royal authority.
The several extant manuscripts in which Anglo-Saxon genealogical material appears suggest the West Saxon line of descent to AEthelwulf can be broken into several broad parts: AEthelwulf to Cerdic, Cerdic to Geat, Geat to Woden and beyond.
Though Asser retains most of this Chronicle account, he interprets the figure of AEthelwulf differently.
The threat of Danish occupation looms--indeed, accounts of Danish victories over other kings punctuate the narrative--but AEthelwulf is not deceived by the invaders.
But, in the Vita Alfredi, AEthelwulf does not simply accept the situation, he uses his will (like the Frankish kings) to try to prevent the situation from happening again.