Aetolia


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Aetolia

(ētōl`yə), region of ancient Greece, N of the Gulf of Corinth and the Gulf of Calydon, E of the Achelous River (separating it from Acarnania). Little is known of the early population of Aetolia, but later Aetolians, though they had coastal cities, were primarily an inland farming and pastoral people. They had famous shrines at Calydon (to Artemis) and at Thermum (to Apollo).

Aetolia

 

an ancient region in central Greece that was inhabited by Aetolian tribes. Aetolia was one of the most backward regions of the country, as it was surrounded and dissected by mountains and was also distant from the main cultural centers. It rose to political importance around the middle of the third century B.C., however, when the Aetolian League expanded beyond the boundaries of Aetolia; the federation included a number of poléis in northern and central Greece and the Peloponnesus. Aetolia was conquered by Rome in 189 B.C.

Aetolia

a mountainous region forming (with the region of Acarnania) a department of W central Greece, north of the Gulf of Patras: a powerful federal state in the 3rd century bc. Chief city: Missolonghi. Pop. (with Acarnania): 219 092 (2001). Area: 5461 sq. km (2108 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
In der dynastischen Allianz ist Seleukos IV, Expansionsplane nachNord-Griechenland, Probleme mit Aetolia, Lykia und Kreta.
There was trouble in Aetolia, in Crete, in Lycia; and Rome, engaged in wearisome western wars and afflicted with plague in the city, was in no mood for another Macedonian war.
The one that took travellers to western Greece and the region of Mesologgi involved crossing from Patra to Aetolia, to Ioannina, then onto Athens.
322-323; Demetrios's marriage, according to them, "was clearly bound to lead to a breach with Aetolia.
Aetolia and the Aetolians: Towards the Interdisciplinary Study of a Greek Region (Studia Aetolica 1), Utrecht.
Certainly the late 190s seem an appropriate time for Plautus' production of a play that addresses Aetolia and Carthage in often surprisingly agreeable language.
The Scipios' Aetolian diplomacy and traditionally lenient terms were undercut by a succession of rival claims to final military leadership against Aetolia and Antiochus.
The name Niceas is not uncommon in the Peloponnese and, across the Corinthian Gulf, in Aetolia and West Locris: cf.
In alliance with the neighbouring Acarnanians they ravaged the island; but the city held out, and Demosthenes, |persuaded' by Messenians from Naupactus to undertake the more ambitious project of subduing Aetolia (3.
He did not realize that without this, or another light-armed contingent, a thrust into the wooded mountains of Aetolia was foredoomed to failure.
Popilius Laenas; commissioner for founding a Latin colony (180), and later excused from duties as praetor of Sardinia (176); as ambassador to Aetolia (central Greece) (174-173) he was unable to reconcile the quarreling factions; elected consul and appointed proconsul for Liguria, he defeated the Statelliates and then mistreated them afterward, creating a scandalous precedent for arrogant behavior; when the Senate attempted to reverse his actions, he defied Senatorial authority until compelled to return to Rome for trial; censured by the Senate, he contrived to escape prosecution (173-172); served as military tribune under the consul Q.
When Antigonus fled to Europe and attached himself to Antipater's campaign in Aetolia in the depths of winter 322/1, the allegations he made were readily believable: Perdiccas was intriguing to marry Alexander's sister, Cleopatra, usurp the kingship and invade Macedonia.