Aetolian League

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Aetolian League,

confederation centering in the cities of Aetolia. It was formed in the 4th cent. B.C. and began to gain power in the 3d cent. in opposing the Achaean LeagueAchaean League
, confederation of cities on the Gulf of Corinth. The First Achaean League, about which little is known, was formed presumably before the 5th cent. B.C. and lasted through the 4th cent. B.C. Its purpose was mutual protection against pirates.
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 and the Macedonians. At its height, the league stretched across Greece from sea to sea, including Locris, Malis, Dolopes, part of Thessaly, Phocis, and Acarnania. Its federal structure consisted of a popular assembly of all citizens, a federal council in which representation was based on the size of a community's military contingent in the Legion's army, and an inner council. The league could levy taxes, raise armies, and conduct foreign policy. The members also shared a common currency and a uniform system of weights and measures. In alliance with the Romans, the Aetolians helped to defeat Philip V of Macedon at Cynoscephalae in 197 B.C. However, the Aetolians became increasingly dissatisfied with Roman interference in Greek affairs and subsequently allied themselves with Antiochus III of Syria. His defeat (189 B.C.) by the Romans spelled the ruin of the league. Although formally it continued, its power had vanished.

Aetolian League


a federation of ancient Greek city-states. Founded circa 320 B.C., the league originally included only Aetolian cities, but from the middle of the third century B.C., it embraced cities in central and northern Greece and the Peloponnesus. The supreme body of the league was the general assembly, which was convened once a year. Presiding over the assembly and handling administrative work was a strategos. The Aetolian League was conquered by Rome in 189 B.C..

References in periodicals archive ?
The earliest instance of mediation as a tool in resolving conflict can be traced back to 209BC when Greek city-states assisted the Aetolian League and Macedonia to produce a truce in the first Macedonian War.
Plautus' prologus now unravels the web of family relationships behind his plot, beginning a sixty-line tale of "who stole whom from whom." Two cities stand out in multiple references: Carthage, homeland of most of the principal cast (Carthaginienses is the first word of the plot explication at line 58), and Calydon, chief city of the Aetolian League, dramatic setting for this play and adopted city of the Carthaginian's nephew and daughters.