Afanasii Grigorev

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Grigor’ev, Afanasii Grigor’evich

 

Born Jan. 10 (21), 1782, in the village of Vasil’evskaia, in present-day Tambov Oblast; died May 1 (13), 1868, in Moscow. Russian architect. Serf until 1804.

Grigor’ev studied with I. D. Zhiliardi and at the Kremlin School of Architecture. He was chief architect (1808–40) of the Moscow Foundling Hospital. He worked a great deal with D. I. Zhiliardi. As a brilliant exponent of the Moscow empire style, Grigor’ev helped to create the stylistic unity of Moscow’s architecture after the fire of 1812 (the Lopukhin-Stanitskaia House, today the L. N. Tolstoy Museum, on Kropotkin Street, 1817–22; House no. 8 on Markhlevskii Street, 1843–44; and Bol’shoe Voznesenie Church next to the Nikita Gates, 1820’s, ascribed to Grigor’ev). He also constructed the three-story church (1826–28, destroyed by the fascist Germans in 1941) and the manor house (today a sanatorium; 1830’s) in the village of Ershovo near Zveni-gorod, Moscow Oblast. In his late period, Grigor*ev worked in the eclectic architectural style of the mid-19th century. A brilliant master of drafting, watercolor, and drawing as well, he left a great architectural and graphic legacy.

E. A. BELETSKAIA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.