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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the only genus of the Gnetaceae family. There are about 40 species, distributed in humid tropical forests, particularly in South and Southeast Asia but also in South America and western tropical Africa. They are chiefly lianas, but some, such as G. gnemon, are small trees or bushes. The leaves are opposite, broad, integral, leathery, penninervate, with typical network veining. The plants are diclinous. Both the micro- and megastrobiles are gathered into whorls. The female gametophyte lacks archegonia, and egg cells are formed from free nuclei in the upper part of the gametophyte. When the seed ripens, the internal cover of the megastrobile forms a hard, rocklike layer, and the brightly colored surface becomes fleshy.

In tropical Asia several Gnetum species, for example, G.gnemon, are cultivated for their edible seeds. Young leaves and the strobiles are also used as food. G. ula provides edible oil.


Takhtadzhian, A. L. Vysshie rasteniia, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1956.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Although the Amis did not practice gerontocracy in the sense of strictly age seniority and relied on the initiatory sons to protect the villages, the superiority of the elder fathers was emphasised due to the fact that they had the power both to give blessings (lmed) and ancestral support ('afang) as well as to refuse them on behalf of their ancestors.
Men, unlike boys, had to prove that they had the virtues and 'afang support of the malataw deities, which enabled the men to interact with one another as such.
The membership of both social groups was concerned with the approval of, and the giving of 'afang support and potent blessings by, invisible divine powers.
In the inner circle, the eider fathers from the oldest to the youngest in turn sprinkled wine (miftik) to inform the malataw deities of the new birth in the paternal/fraternal house and to ask for divine support ('afang), protection (dipot) and blessings (hned) for the new initiation set and the whole community.
Afang soup contains these ingredients and a major vegetable, Gnetum africanum as well as water leaf while in edikang ikong soup, fluted pumpkin (ugwu in Ibo) only replaces Gnetum africanum.
Fasting blood glucose results was significantly reduced upon feeding garri with afang soup (25.61 per cent) and pounded yam with edikang ekong soup (25.19 per cent) relative to the diabetic control (5.19 per cent).
Afang leaves vary slightly in taste and scent, this soup is a delicious and hearty soup, which is rich in nutrient.
Once it starts boiling add the Afang leaves, water leaves, periwinkle and assorted meats.