Plosive, vibrant and affricate
phonemes are balanced in both languages in terms of difficulty, indicating direct relationship with dysarthria.
Elamite Phonemes / Graphical Units Sources: Stolper 2004: 70-73 Khachikian 1998: 5-10 * Elamite <z> is some sort of affricate
(not [z]); Khachikian 1998: 7-8.
 reported the articulation disorder of affricates
in the majority of children (75%), while Vuletic and Ljubesic  claim that there is a high frequency of articulation disorders of fricatives in addition to affricates
Some of the phonemes that have been resisted in the past are the alveolar trill and affricate
[r] and [dz] respectively.
manner of articulation (for consonants): stop, fricative, affricate
, nasal, lateral, semivowel, trill
Conversely the first C of tn- consonantal clusters word medially in Hindko can be astop fricative affricate
or nasal but third C at the right edge is always a liquid or a flap.
passing to the northern affricate
and these are restricted to a few words: zaschuna (V: 23); zo (I: 10) (V: 11) (VI: 14, 40); zoe (V: 39, 45, 48).
In contrast, affricates
and sibilants were less frequently confused with other consonants by the ONH subjects (particularly in coda position) and so remained closer to the circle circumference.
The voiceless affricate
and voiceless stops demonstrate such kind of tendency.
s, s [s]) which facilitated the innovation of a three- or two-stepped system of affricates
Likewise one represents the alveolar palatal affricates
graphically through the combination velar, dental or labial + r [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]).