Affonso de Albuquerque

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Albuquerque, Affonso de


Born 1453; died Dec. 16, 1515. Portuguese conqueror, vicegerent (viceroy) in India between 1510 (actually 1509) and 1515; founder of the Portuguese colonial empire in the East Indies.

In 1503, Albuquerque commanded the Portuguese flotilla in the city of Cochin, where he constructed a fort. In 1507 he captured Ormuz on the Persian Gulf, but he was unable to hold it. In 1510 he captured Goa, turning it into the main base for Portuguese conquerors in the East. In 1511 he conquered Malacca in order to control sea trade routes. Albuquerque headed the first Portuguese expeditions to the Malabar coast, the island of Ceylon, and the countries of southeast Asia. In 1513 he attempted to seize Aden. In 1515 he recaptured Ormuz.


Stephens, H. M. Albuquerque. Oxford, 1897.
Baião, A. Affonso d’Albuquerque. Lisbon, 1913.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Correia, que viveu boa parte de sua vida no Estado Portugues da India, onde tera chegado ainda jovem, por volta de 1512-1514, como soldado e posteriormente como secretario de Afonso de Albuquerque, afirma, no prologo de sua obra, que as acoes administrativas da India foram perdendo sua grandeza heroica, para se submeterem a obras nada edificantes, em que imperaram a traicao, a falta de lei, a ingerencia e a ma administracao:
As a result, on July 25, 1511, the Portuguese commander, Afonso de Albuquerque, began an assault on the city.
Luis Vaz de Camoes (the Portuguesepoet and seafarer) admired Hormuz for having the wealth of the world; Milton (the British poet) admired it for having the most precious jewelries of the world; Marco Polo made Hormuz City globally famous; and Afonso de Albuquerque (the Portugueseadmiral) said "if the world is a ring, then Hormuz is its pearl".
When Afonso de Albuquerque conquered Goa in 1510, this tiny place was already an established international trading centre.
The Portuguese under the command of Afonso de Albuquerque tried to take over some area in the Arabian Gulf.
Alphonso is named after Afonso de Albuquerque, a military expert who helped establish the Portuguese colony in India.
The Alphonso's named after Afonso de Albuquerque, the second governor of Portuguese India.
King Manuel of Portugal sent a second fleet to develop trading relationships with Indian rulers and in 1503 Afonso de Albuquerque built the first Portuguese fort in India, at Cochin, where the local rajah was friendly.