African Liberation Day


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African Liberation Day

May 25
While other holidays seek to commemorate the events and achievements of the past, African Liberation Day focuses attention on a goal that has not yet been fully realized: the liberation of all African people. The observance of this day can be traced back to April 15, 1958, when the Conference of Independent African States was held in Accra, Ghana. Attendees declared April 15 African Freedom Day, and between 1958 and 1963 this observance was supported by leaders worldwide, including President John F. Kennedy, Malcolm X, and Senator Hubert Humphrey in the United States.
As British and European colonies in Africa continued to win their independence during the 1950s and 60s, and as the civil rights movement in the United States began to achieve some success, 31 independent African countries met on May 25, 1963, to form the Organization of African Unity. They changed the name and the date of what now became African Liberation Day. In 1999 the group reorganized into the African Union.
Today, observances worldwide include marches, parades, rallies, and conferences. These events focus on celebrating freedom from colonialism, educating people about the progress of the African liberation movement, and speaking out against oppression. There are also sporting contests and tribal dances, particularly in Chad, Zambia, and other African states where it is a public holiday.
CONTACTS:
African Union
P.O. Box 3243
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
251-1-151-7700; fax: 251-1-151-7844
www.africa-union.org/root/au/index/index.ht
SOURCES:
AfrAmerHol-1991, p. 43
References in periodicals archive ?
Africa Day, formerly African Liberation Day, is the annual commemoration of the foundation of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) on 25 May 1963, the precursor to the African Union (AU) established in 2002.
We created new holidays, such as the internationally known Kwanza & African Liberation Day. We created whole new areas of scholarly and academic studies: African-American, African, or Africana Studies.
African Liberation Day is increasingly being forgotten.
They renamed Africa Freedom Day to "African Liberation Day".
He wrapped his hands around the flag in despair." LEFT: Handsworth, 1979, celebrations take place for African Liberation Day. MAIN PICTURE: "The picture was taken at a riot in Lozells Road in 1985 - the car had been burnt out the night before.
Section two of the book provides detailed accounts of the organization, operation and impact of 1972's Gary Convention, African Liberation Day, and the evolution of the National Black Political Assembly.
These problems were evidenced in the rise and decline of the African Liberation Support Committee, the outgrowth of the highly successful 1972 African Liberation Day mobilisations.(7)
Upon his return to the United States, he began to make plans for an African Liberation Day (ALD) demonstration that was designed to show worldwide support for the African liberation struggles.
In this context, Burke's photograph of a sea of people at African Liberation Day in Handsworth Park in 1979 registers primarily as a woolly hat-fest, but while it is refreshing to see an exhibition which does not define black history primarily in terms of political struggle or social unrest, the political can never be entirely separated from the personal.
As a photo-journalist he covered both African Liberation Day Celebrations and the 1st Martin Luther King, Jr.

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