African Oil Palm


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Related to African Oil Palm: Elaeis guineensis

African Oil Palm

 

(Elaeis guineensis), a plant of the family Palmaceae. The trunk is 20-30 m tall (in cultivation, 10-15 m), and the pinnate leaves measure 6-7 mm in length. The plant is monoecious with inflorescences containing unisexual flowers; flowering occurs in the fourth or fifth season. Each inflorescence contains 600-800 pistillate flowers and, when the fruits ripen, weighs 25-50 kg. The fruit is a drupe that is about the size of a plum. The juicy pulp contains up to 70 percent palm oil; the seeds contain up to 26 percent palmseed oil, which is used in food and for the production of margarine. The African oil palm grows primarily in western Equatorial Africa. It is cultivated throughout the tropics, but mainly in tropical Africa (since the 17th century).

REFERENCES

Siniagin, I. I. Tropicheskoe zemledelie. Moscow, 1968.
Zhukovskii, P. M. Kul’turnye rasteniia i ikh sorodichi, 3rd ed. Leningrad, 1971.
References in periodicals archive ?
The number of Elaeidobius kamerunicus pollinating weevils visiting female inflorescences on each of the 6 d of the anthesis period of the female inflorescence of the African oil palm.
The number of Elaeidobius kamerunicus pollinating weevils visiting female inflorescences at various hours of the 2nd day of anthesis of the female inflorescence of the African oil palm.
Following that pattern, African oil palm groves diffused the full length of sub-Saharan Africa's forest zone, from Senegambia to Angola and into the Congo, sharing space with various cultivars including plantains, taro, rice, and several varieties of beans (Figure 3).
Luso-African trade in palm oil dates to the early sixteenth century, (10) and along with human chattel, oil and kernels from the African oil palm helped form early Atlantic trade networks linking the Old and New Worlds.
A scattering of colonial references from the Neotropics, along with contemporary evidence, does however link the early diffusion of the African oil palm with the transatlantic slave trade.
Despite vivid descriptions of Bahian landscapes, neither his Tratado nor two other sixteenth-century accounts of the colony mentioned the African oil palm.
As we have seen, the subspontaneous range of the African oil palm extends from Senegambia to Angola, including the Atlantic island and European way station of Sao Tome; therefore palm oil and kernels were prominent in all the areas and ports frequented by European ships in the early colonial period.
2009), that analyzed the genetic diversity of collections of African oil palm by AFLPs, RFLPs and microsatellites respectively, found that the 'Deli' germplasm constitute a differentiated group with scarce genetic diversity.
It is proposed that Nigeria is the center of diversity of African oil palm, which is also sustained in the fact that as the geographical distance increases, the indexes of diversity decrease.
The dissimilarity of materials of Ivory Coast would be explained by the discontinuity in the distribution of African oil palm bypassing the Dahomey Gap.
The above mentioned happens even though the oil of African oil palm presents approximately 50% of unsaturated fatty acids and that among the saturated ones predominates the palmitic acid that may have a neutral behavior as cholesterolemic.
Nevertheless, as the African oil palm collections are evaluated, diversity has been found for oleic fatty acid and carotenes.

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