African Union


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African Union

(AU), international organization established in 2002 by the nations of the former Organization of African UnityOrganization of African Unity
(OAU), former international organization, established 1963 at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, by 37 independent African nations to promote unity and development; defend the sovereignty and territorial integrity of members; eradicate all forms of colonialism;
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 (OAU). The AU is the successor organization to the OAU, with greater powers to promote African economic, social, and political integration, and a stronger commmitment to democratic principles. There are 55 member nations; Morocco, which had withdrawn from the OAU in 1984, did not join until 2017. The AU's headquarters are at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The AU's bodies include the Assembly of the AU, the Pan-African Parliament, the African Court of Justice and Human Rights, the AU Commission (its secretariat), the African Central Bank, African Monetary Fund, and other organs and agencies.

The Constitutive Act of the AU was adopted at Lomé, Togo, in 2000, the act was ratified in 2001, and in July the OAU held its last summit as the AU came into existence. The OAU continued to function, however, during a yearlong transition period, until the first official summit of the AU was held in July, 2002. The Pan-African Parliament, based in Johannesburg, South Africa, was inaugurated in 2004, initially as a purely advisory body. The New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD), established in 2001 by the OAU as a program to promote African development, was fully integrated into the AU in 2010 when its secretariat became the AU's NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency. The AU has authorized a number of peacekeeping and joint military forces to reduce instability and counter security threats in member nations. In 2018 most AU members signed the African Continental Free Trade Area agreement, which entered into force in 2019 after 22 nations ratified it.

References in periodicals archive ?
'I am grateful to the African Union's PRC for the confidence they have shown by endorsing our candidature for the United Nations Security Council non-permanent seat,' Uhuru said.
The United States and the African Union share a common goal of enhancing the African Union's efforts to increase continental trade and investment under the African Continental Free Trade Area (the "AfCFTA").
Al-Kabbashi has expressed the TMC appreciation of the efforts of the African Union and the Ethiopian envoys for achieving a political solution in Sudan, indicating that what was included in the proposal stems from their full understanding of the Sudanese people.
So what we are trying to do is to get onboard all the African Union stakeholders; the AU organs, the regional economic community, private sector, academia, African Union specialized agencies and the civil society organisations.
"A quarter of global deaths due to unsafe food consumption is in Africa," Egyptian Ambassador to the African Union Osama Mohamed Abdelkhalek said on the occasion.
The African Union Peace and Security has given Sudanese military two months to hand over power to civilians.
The year 2019 coincides with the fiftieth anniversary of the 1969 Organisation of African Unity (OAU) Convention, which regulates the special aspects of refugee problems in Africa and marks the tenth anniversary of the 2009 African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa (Kampala Convention)
Opening the debate, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said, 'Our partnership with the African Union and African Member States is vital to our collective efforts for peace, and we must continue working to strengthen it.'A
The French newspaper Le Monde broke the story with an article titled "The African Union Headquarters in Addis Ababa spied on by Beijing!" It cited "anonymous insiders" and attributed the hack to the Chinese government.
He said that an African Union Election Observer Mission led by former South African President Thabo Mbeki observed the elections, whose results were validated by the Kenyan Supreme Court."Against this backdrop, and in line with its relevant instruments, notably the African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance, the African Union rejects all actions that undermine constitutional order and the rule of law.
"The African Union is ready to strengthen bilateral relations with Iran," the senior AU officials said during the meeting with Aqajafari in the Ethiopian capital on Monday.

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