African Union

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African Union

(AU), international organization established in 2002 by the nations of the former Organization of African UnityOrganization of African Unity
(OAU), former international organization, established 1963 at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, by 37 independent African nations to promote unity and development; defend the sovereignty and territorial integrity of members; eradicate all forms of colonialism;
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 (OAU). The AU is the successor organization to the OAU, with greater powers to promote African economic, social, and political integration, and a stronger commmitment to democratic principles. There are 55 member nations; Morocco, which had withdrawn from the OAU in 1984, did not join until 2017. The AU's headquarters are at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The AU's bodies include the Assembly of the AU, the Pan-African Parliament, the African Court of Justice and Human Rights, the AU Commission (its secretariat), the African Central Bank, African Monetary Fund, and other organs and agencies.

The Constitutive Act of the AU was adopted at Lomé, Togo, in 2000, the act was ratified in 2001, and in July the OAU held its last summit as the AU came into existence. The OAU continued to function, however, during a yearlong transition period, until the first official summit of the AU was held in July, 2002. The Pan-African Parliament, based in Johannesburg, South Africa, was inaugurated in 2004, initially as a purely advisory body. The New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD), established in 2001 by the OAU as a program to promote African development, was fully integrated into the AU in 2010 when its secretariat became the AU's NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency. The AU has authorized a number of peacekeeping and joint military forces to reduce instability and counter security threats in member nations.

References in periodicals archive ?
Best considers that Africa Re maintained a strong competitive position within the African reinsurance market during 2008 and continues to benefit from a privileged access to all African Union member states.
Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, in an emotional speech, while at the same time clarifying one of the aims of his visit: to raise awareness of Mali and Equatorial Guinea, two African Union member states.
He encourages the IGAD and African Union member states to seize the opportunity of the forthcoming African Union summit to address the political impasse that is impeding the formation of the Transitional Government of National Unity," partly reads the statement.
The Secretary General calls on the parties to overcome their differences, and encourages the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and African Union member states to "seize the opportunity of the forthcoming African Union summit to address the political impasse that is impeding the formation of the Transitional Government of National Unity," Dujarric added.
Future social development in Africa will depend on, among others, the extent to which African Union member states are able to adopt and effectively implement the key recommendations of this Social Policy Framework.
Description : This action aims at giving impetus to increased investments and efforts made by African Union Member States ( AU MS ), Regional Economic Communities ( RECs ) and the African Union ( AU ) towards achieving a significant increase in livestock production and productivity in Africa.
The three-day judicial dialogue, among other resolutions, supported the idea to establish a continental network of African judiciaries under the auspices of the African Union to bring together superior courts of the African Union member states.
The scheme puts women at the centre of every initiative that will be undertaken by African Union member states during the ten years.
Africa Public Service Day is commemorated annually on 23 June by all the African Union member states.
African Union member states spoke in one voice in a manner that had never been seen at such international gatherings before.
He said that nine out of 16 UN peacekeeping operations are in Africa, almost 50 per cent of all uniformed peacekeepers come from African Union member states, and more than 80 per cent of all uniformed peacekeepers are deployed in UN peacekeeping missions in Africa.
The contract will deliver up to 36 high-quality technical studies (up to 12 studies per year) which will support the African Union Commission during negotiations with African Union Member States on a continental free trade area (CFTA).

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