marigold

(redirected from African marigold)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Financial.
Related to African marigold: French marigold

marigold,

any plant of the genus Tagetes of the family Asteraceae (asteraster
[Gr.,=star], common name for the Asteraceae (Compositae), the aster family, in North America, name for plants of the genus Aster, sometimes called wild asters, and for a related plant more correctly called China aster (Callistephus chinensis
..... Click the link for more information.
 family), mostly Central and South American herbs cultivated elsewhere as garden flowers. The two common species of marigold, both annuals, are distinguished as African, or Aztec (T. erecta), and French (T. patula) although both are native to Mexico and Guatemala. The African commonly has large yellow or orange flower heads and the strong-scented foliage typical of the genus, but an odorless kind has been developed; the French has smaller flower heads, single or double, usually two tones of yellow or orange and red. Other plants sharing the name marigold include marsh marigoldmarsh marigold,
perennial spring-blooming Old World and North American plant (Caltha palustris) of the family Ranunculaceae (buttercup family), found in wet places. It has rounded glossy leaves and large buttercuplike flowers of bright and shining yellow.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (in the buttercupbuttercup
or crowfoot,
common name for the Ranunculaceae, a family of chiefly annual or perennial herbs of cool regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Thought to be one of the most primitive families of dicotyledenous plants, the Ranunculaceae typically have a simple
..... Click the link for more information.
 family), bur marigoldbur marigold
or sticktight,
common name for any species of Bidens, a genus of chiefly weedy North American plants of the family Asteraceae (aster family) with two-pronged burlike fruits (achenes) that have gained various species such additional names as
..... Click the link for more information.
, and pot marigold (see calendulacalendula
, any species of the genus Calendula, Old World plants of the family Asteraceae (aster family). The common calendula (C. officinalis), an annual with yellow to deep orange flower heads produced through a long blooming season, was a popular garden flower
..... Click the link for more information.
). Marigolds are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
..... Click the link for more information.
, class Magnoliopsida, order Asterales, family Asteraceae.
Enlarge picture
marigold

marigold

All Marigolds are edible, but only some taste good. The three best are Tagetes lucida, Tagetes patula, and Tagetes tenuifolia. Marigold can be used as a substitute for saffron. The citrus flavor makes it great in salads. Usually only the petals are eaten, no green parts. Used for heart, circulation, headaches, earaches, fevers, hair rinse for shiny hair. Plant beside other garden plants to keep pests away.

Marigold

 

(Tagetes), a genus of annual or perennial grasses of the Compositae family. The height of the plant is 70–80 cm, the leaves are pinnate; the flowers are yellow, orange, and dark brown. There are more than 35 species in South and North America (from Argentina to Arizona). In the USSR there is one imported species (in western Transcaucasia). Most widely distributed are the French marigold (T. patula), a low plant with a distinctive smell and yellow or reddish yellow flowers, cultivated as a decorative annual, and the dwarf marigold (T. signata), which has fernlike finely cleft verdure and is used in floriculture for low borders, as is T. erecta, a tall plant with few branches.

REFERENCE

Kiselev, G. E. Tsvetovodstvo, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1964.

marigold

symbol of grief. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 175]
See: Grief

marigold

1. any of various tropical American plants of the genus Tagetes, esp T. erecta (African marigold) and T. patula (French marigold), cultivated for their yellow or orange flower heads and strongly scented foliage: family Asteraceae (composites)
2. any of various similar or related plants, such as the marsh marigold, pot marigold, bur marigold, and fig marigold
References in periodicals archive ?
There are lots of other English flowers to indulge in such as freesia and lily of the valley or spoil yourself with exotic blooms like orchids, Japanese cherry blossoms and African marigolds.
This hardy annual marigold is not to be confused with the frost-tender French and African marigolds. Pot marigolds have large, double daisy flowers in all shades of yellow, orange and rust on robust, bushy plants.
There are three types of this marigold, African marigolds are the tallest, at around 2ft, and the most flamboyant, and ours will have very large double flowers in bright yellow.
"One of them is a great big Jelly Palm which we surrounded with salvias, geraniums and African marigolds."
Geraniums, marigolds, African marigolds, dahlias, snap dragons, fuchsias and the beautifully formed trumpets of the petunias make wonderful cameos on an endless canvas of relaxing greens.
Then there are the old favourites like pelargoniums (geraniums), petunias, particularly some of the new trailing varieties, French and African marigolds, lobelia, pansies and polyanthus.
We are talking about all those vibrant bedding plants such as French and African marigolds, lobelia, cleome, busy lizzies, petunias, zinnias, gazanias, cosmos, molucella, felicia, helichrysum, brachycome and amaranthus, all of which can be grown inexpensively from seed.
Use a heated propagator to sow halfhardy annuals and other bedding plants including antirrhinums, African marigolds, Begonia semperflorens, gazanias and lobelias.
They include tens of thousands of African marigolds and French marigolds, as well as more than 100,000 geraniums.
Sow slow-maturing bedding plants like antirrhinums and African marigolds. Sow quick-growing perennials such as campanulas and poppies to flower this year.
It was her husband Mervyn, a retired Peugeot worker, who insisted she put her triffid-like African marigolds on the record to see if anyone else in the neighbourhood had any similar-sized success.

Full browser ?