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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



Boers, a nationality in South Africa. In the main, they are descendants of 17th-century Dutch settlers; their origins can also be traced to French and German colonists. They live primarily in provinces of the Republic of South Africa—Transvaal, the Cape, and the Orange Free State—and also in Namibia and Southern Rhodesia. They total about 2.5 million (1965); their language is Afrikaans.

Most Afrikaners belong to the Dutch Reformed Church. They reside on individual farms and engage mainly in farming and raising livestock. Since the early 20th century a process of material and social stratification has intensified among the Afrikaners. Large farmers have plantations with dozens and hundreds of African laborers. Strict patriarchal Puritan traditions have been maintained in the families of the farmers. An Afrikaner industrial and commercial bourgeoisie has been forming in the cities. The reactionary Nationalist Party, which holds power in the Republic of South Africa at the present time, finds its chief support in the Afrikaner bourgeoisie of the city and countryside. It carries out a policy of racial discrimination and segregation with respect to Africans, Indians, and those of mixed ancestry.


Narody Afriki. Moscow, 1954.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
While it did, like Afrikaner-nationalism before it, strive for the recognition of its former oppressors--that is, the Afrikaners--it chose the path of economic redistribution instead of economic self-reliance as the Afrikaners did.
One of the Afrikaner Voortrekker leaders, seeking freedom in the South African interior and risking everything to get it, again highlighted the kinship so many Afrikaners felt with their brethren across the Atlantic ocean and the nation they had fought to create against all odds in 1776.
In romans soos 'n Droe wit seisoen, Gerugte van reen en Die kreef raak gewoon daaraan gee hy nie net vorm aan sy opvatting van die krities, meelewende Afrikaner nie, maar help hy om 'n intellektuele ruimte te skep wat dit moontlik gemaak het om ook in Afrikaans antiapartheid te wees.
In 1977 when the Afrikaner powers that ruled the country tried to impose their language on blacks to solidify their superiority and domination, it led to an uprising in the Soweto township of Johannesburg, during which 87 school children were killed by the police.
But, above all, there was his extraordinary, almost unbelievable, lack of bitterness toward his Afrikaner jailers.
The Afrikaners, for their part, were shocked to learn that the new democracy would result in a seizure of physical and psychological ground.
"We're a new breed of Afrikaners," a resident had told a reporter in a little write-up in the local paper.
The urbanisation and industrialisation of the turn of the 20th century among Afrikaners led to the emergence of the new hegemonic discourse of apartheid.
Het Engels en het Nederlands zoals dat rond 1900 in ZuidAfrika gebruikt werd, waren vanuit het perspectief van de Afrikaners universele talen die het zich nog ontwikkelende Afrikaans dreigden te versmoren.
Dutch Afrikaners, once the primary beneficiaries of a political system that they mainly controlled, have been irreversibly shoved to the margins of political and economic life.
Is It: a) Winterhops, b) Springboks or c) Afrikaners? Answers on a postcard to Odeon Competition, Features, Huddersfield Daily Examiner, Queen Street South, Huddersfield, HD1 3DU.
The early years of that century were a period when Afrikaners, especially those living in the former Boer republics of the Free State and the Transvaal, were embittered against the British.