Afrasiab

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Afrasiab

 

site of the fortified town of pre-Mongol Samarkand (the Maracanda of the ancient authors, the center of Sogdiana); located on the outskirts of Samarkand, Uzbek SSR. Diggings have been carried on (with interruptions) since 1874. Life in Afrasiab was found to have continued almost uninterruptedly from the sixth century B.C. until the town was destroyed by the Mongols in 1220. The site contains a citadel, an inner city, and suburbs. Living quarters and craftsmen’s quarters, a mosque, and remnants of a palace from the seventh and eighth centuries (in which multicolor wall paintings were discovered in 1965) have been brought to light. The numerous findings include some pre-Islamic Ossuaries, terra-cotta statuettes, and tiles, as well as slip-glaze ceramics and glass dating back to the 10th—13th centuries.

REFERENCES

Viatkin, V. L. Afrasiab—gorodishche bylogo Samarkanda. Samarkand, 1926.
Shishkin, V. A. Afrasiab—sokrovishchnitsa drevnei kul’tury. Tashkent, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
Uzbek President Shavkat Mirziyoyev in January 2017 set the task to develop the tourist potential of the region and noted the need to build a railway line from Urgench to Khiva, construct a modern station in the city of Khiva, establish the movement of electric trains, and, in the future, the Afrosiyob high-speed train.
Hosted Buyers / Professional Buyer" provides for participation in business meetings in the "B2B" format with Uzbek travel companies, sightseeing and hotels in Tashkent and a sightseeing trip to Samarkand on the Afrosiyob high-speed train.
The 250km/h 25kV ac trains, which have been nicknamed by Afrosiyob by UTY, would be made up of two power cars and nine intermediate trailers seating 257 passengers in three classes.
Gur- e- Amir is in Samarqand, 300 km from Tashkent, a two- hour ride on the speedy Afrosiyob train ( 65,000 som per person).
Twenty-four railcars, 10 of which are Afrosiyob high-speed trains, are being used during the holidays.