Afrasiab

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Afrasiab

 

site of the fortified town of pre-Mongol Samarkand (the Maracanda of the ancient authors, the center of Sogdiana); located on the outskirts of Samarkand, Uzbek SSR. Diggings have been carried on (with interruptions) since 1874. Life in Afrasiab was found to have continued almost uninterruptedly from the sixth century B.C. until the town was destroyed by the Mongols in 1220. The site contains a citadel, an inner city, and suburbs. Living quarters and craftsmen’s quarters, a mosque, and remnants of a palace from the seventh and eighth centuries (in which multicolor wall paintings were discovered in 1965) have been brought to light. The numerous findings include some pre-Islamic Ossuaries, terra-cotta statuettes, and tiles, as well as slip-glaze ceramics and glass dating back to the 10th—13th centuries.

REFERENCES

Viatkin, V. L. Afrasiab—gorodishche bylogo Samarkanda. Samarkand, 1926.
Shishkin, V. A. Afrasiab—sokrovishchnitsa drevnei kul’tury. Tashkent, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
Zip back to the capital and take the speedy Afrosiyob train to Samarkand and get your fill of towering and resplendent turquoise-tiled madrasas and mosques.
"Recently, the company's management raised the issue of building a dedicated electrified line from Tashkent to Samarkand, which will be run only by Afrosiyob train.
"Hosted Buyers / Professional Buyer" provides for participation in business meetings in the "B2B" format with Uzbek travel companies, sightseeing and hotels in Tashkent and a sightseeing trip to Samarkand on the Afrosiyob high-speed train.
Gur- e- Amir is in Samarqand, 300 km from Tashkent, a two- hour ride on the speedy Afrosiyob train ( 65,000 som per person).
"In the period from August 31 to September 4 this year, when issuing travel documents (tickets) for domestic transportation service trains, including Afrosiyob high-speed trains, a 50-percent discount on the tariff will be provided," the company announced.
The tour operators of Uzbekistan have proposed to repair relatively outdated trains "Nasaf", "Registan" and "Shark" by creating comfortable conditions and installing air conditioning system in those trains, which will contribute to a significant removal of the load from the Afrosiyob trains, the Uzbek media reported.
The Uzbek head of state noted that high-speed electric trains Afrosiyob produced by the famous Spanish company Talgo carry out transportation from the capital to such historic cities as Samarkand, Bukhara, and Karshi.
Uzbek President Shavkat Mirziyoyev in January 2017 set the task to develop the tourist potential of the region and noted the need to build a railway line from Urgench to Khiva, construct a modern station in the city of Khiva, establish the movement of electric trains, and, in the future, the Afrosiyob high-speed train.
Twenty-four railcars, 10 of which are Afrosiyob high-speed trains, are being used during the holidays.