Aga Khan


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Related to Aga Khan: Aga Khan IV, Ismaili, Rita Hayworth

Aga Khan

(ä`gä khän), the title of the religious leader and imam of the IsmailiIsmailis
, Muslim Shiite sect that holds Ismail, the son of Jafar as-Sadiq, as its imam. On the death of the sixth imam of the Shiites, Jafar as-Sadiq (d. 765), the majority of Shiites accepted Musa al-Kazim, the younger son of Jafar, as seventh imam.
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 Nizari sect of Islam, originally bestowed by the Persian shah Fath AliFath Ali Shah
, also spelled Feth Ali Shah, 1762–1834, shah of Persia (1797–1834), nephew and successor of Aga Muhammad Khan, founder of the Qajar dynasty. Most of his reign was spent in internal and external warfare.
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 on Hasan Ali Shah, 1800–1881, the 46th Ismaili imam, in 1818. The first Aga Khan was also appointed as the governor of the province of Kirman, a position he lost as a result of political intrigues following Fath Ali's death. In 1839, he moved to India, where he aided the British during the first Anglo-Afghan war (1839–42) and in the conquest of Sind (1842–43). He was succeeded by his eldest son Ali Shah, Aga Khan II, who died in 1885. In turn, his son, Sultan Muhammad, 1877–1957, assumed the title of Aga Khan III, and played an instrumental role in attempting to secure Muslim support for the British rule of India. A founder of the All-India Muslim League (later the Muslim LeagueMuslim League,
political organization of India and Pakistan, founded 1906 as the All-India Muslim League by Aga Khan III. Its original purpose was to safeguard the political rights of Muslims in India.
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), he served as its president in 1909–14. His international visibility increased when he served as the chairman of the British Indian delegation to the imperial conference in London in 1930–31. He also represented India at the Geneva disarmament conference (1932) and in the League of Nations (1932, 1934–37), where he was president of the General Assembly (1937). Later he played a significant role in the movement to establish the Muslim state of Pakistan. He was succeeded by his grandson, Prince Karim al-Hussayni, 1937–, who as Aga Khan IV has devoted substantial Ismaili wealth to development projects in countries with a significant Ismaili population. He also has instituted (1977) a noted series of awards for Islamic architecture. His uncle, Prince Sadruddin Aga Khan, 1933–2003, was UN High Commissioner for Refugees (1965–77) and was active in other international humanitarian causes.

Bibliography

See The Collected Works of Aga Khan III (1991); W. Frischauer, The Aga Khans (1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
The opening of the center was made possible thanks to a joint initiative of the Aga Khan Foundation and the Aga Khan Academy, which are both agencies of the Aga Khan Development Network.
The Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN) Resident Diplomatic Representative in Bangladesh Munir M.
Those hopes are now becoming a reality, through the Aga Khan Academies Student Mobility Program.
A Patron's award was also conferred.The awards were presented by His Highness the Aga Khan, President of the Portuguese Republic Prof Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa, and Prince Amyn Aga Khan.
These babies have special need and require special care which the multi-disciplinary team Aga Khan University Hospital's NICU is fully equipped for.
Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC) is the apex national organization in Pakistan working in close collaboration with public and private sector institutions in the country to provide science based solutions for the development of agriculture in Pakistan whereas the mission of Aga Khan Foundation of Pakistan is to contribute to sustainable solutions to long-term problems of poverty, hunger, illiteracy and ill-health with special emphasis on the needs of rural communities in mountainous and other resource poor region and also working in the field of integrated rural development to improve the quality of life of the local people.
They mentioned that Prince Karim Aga Khan, also the founder and chancellor of AKU, had special interest towards the socio-economic development of the country.
Apart from being the 48th spiritual leader of the Shia Imami Ismaili community, Aga Khan III also played a prominent role in world history particularly the Pakistan Movement.
Elizabeth Cannon paid tribute to the Aga Khan's achievements at a special conferral ceremony that included University supporters and various notable leaders from across the country.
He also highlighted that Aga Khans grandfather Sir Sultan Shah Aga Khan was a very close companion of Father of the Nation Quaid-e-Azam Ali Jinnah who and played a very important role in Pakistan Movement.
His Highness, the Aga Khan, is one of the most iconic figures in the world.
The Aga Khan's visit to Vancouver this weekend is expected to attract over 100,000 people for an Ismaili-Canadian celebration of shared values, inclusiveness and pluralism.