Aga Khan


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Related to Aga Khan: Aga Khan IV, Ismaili, Rita Hayworth

Aga Khan

(ä`gä khän), the title of the religious leader and imam of the IsmailiIsmailis
, Muslim Shiite sect that holds Ismail, the son of Jafar as-Sadiq, as its imam. On the death of the sixth imam of the Shiites, Jafar as-Sadiq (d. 765), the majority of Shiites accepted Musa al-Kazim, the younger son of Jafar, as seventh imam.
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 Nizari sect of Islam, originally bestowed by the Persian shah Fath AliFath Ali Shah
, also spelled Feth Ali Shah, 1762–1834, shah of Persia (1797–1834), nephew and successor of Aga Muhammad Khan, founder of the Qajar dynasty. Most of his reign was spent in internal and external warfare.
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 on Hasan Ali Shah, 1800–1881, the 46th Ismaili imam, in 1818. The first Aga Khan was also appointed as the governor of the province of Kirman, a position he lost as a result of political intrigues following Fath Ali's death. In 1839, he moved to India, where he aided the British during the first Anglo-Afghan war (1839–42) and in the conquest of Sind (1842–43). He was succeeded by his eldest son Ali Shah, Aga Khan II, who died in 1885. In turn, his son, Sultan Muhammad, 1877–1957, assumed the title of Aga Khan III, and played an instrumental role in attempting to secure Muslim support for the British rule of India. A founder of the All-India Muslim League (later the Muslim LeagueMuslim League,
political organization of India and Pakistan, founded 1906 as the All-India Muslim League by Aga Khan III. Its original purpose was to safeguard the political rights of Muslims in India.
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), he served as its president in 1909–14. His international visibility increased when he served as the chairman of the British Indian delegation to the imperial conference in London in 1930–31. He also represented India at the Geneva disarmament conference (1932) and in the League of Nations (1932, 1934–37), where he was president of the General Assembly (1937). Later he played a significant role in the movement to establish the Muslim state of Pakistan. He was succeeded by his grandson, Prince Karim al-Hussayni, 1937–, who as Aga Khan IV has devoted substantial Ismaili wealth to development projects in countries with a significant Ismaili population. He also has instituted (1977) a noted series of awards for Islamic architecture. His uncle, Prince Sadruddin Aga Khan, 1933–2003, was UN High Commissioner for Refugees (1965–77) and was active in other international humanitarian causes.

Bibliography

See The Collected Works of Aga Khan III (1991); W. Frischauer, The Aga Khans (1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
New Delhi [India], Feb 22 ( ANI ): President Ram Nath Kovind met Chairman of the Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN) Prince Shah Karim Al Hussaini (The Aga Khan IV) here on Thursday.
The chief minister duly appreciated different welfare-oriented steps taken over the years by the Aga Khan Trust for Culture, in the fields of education and healthcare.
Different politicians, elites, social workers also visiting the protest sit in camp held at AKHS main office Chitral and express their sympathies with the protesters some 163 out of the total 296 employees of the Aga Khan Health Service (AGHS) Chitral continued their protest sit-in the Chitral town since Saturday.
The Aga Khan has been a strong advocate for an improved understanding of Islam and for fostering brotherhood within the Ummah, as well as dialogue and cooperation among faith communities through the advancement of education, music and culture.
The Aga Khan, 80, acceded to the Esmaili Imamat on July 11, 1957, succeeding his grandfather, Sir Sultan Mohammad Shah Aga Khan, according to a statement released by the Aga Khan Development Network.
For starting the political role of the Muslims of British India, the Simla Deputation to Lord Minto, the Viceroy, on October 1, 1906 headed by Sir Aga Khan III did play a pivotal role.
Major General A K M Abdullahil Baquee, Vice President, Kurmitola Golf Club, Brigadier General Abidur Reza Khan (Retd), Chairman, Tournament Committee, Kurmitola Golf Club, Brigadier General Mohd Obaidul Haque (Retd), Chief Executive Officer, Kurmitola Golf Club, Group Captain M Lokman Farrukh (Retd), Lieutenant Colonel Md Abdul Bari (Retd), General Manager, Golf Operations, Kurmitola Golf CIub, Mr, Sulaiman Ajanee, President, Prince Aga Khan Shia lmami Ismaili Council for Bangladesh, other members of the Aga Khan community in Bangladesh and high officials of Kurmitola Golf Club were also present at the inaugural ceremony.
In Islamabad, Aga Khan met with President Mamnoon Hussain at the President's House, where he received by a guard of honour.
Even before we were recognised by the international community as a sovereign state, His Highness Aga Khan the third drove us towards independence during the Round Table Conferences, where he advocated to put Pakistan on the map,' he said.
The Aga Khan was received at Quaid-i-Azam International Airport by Sindh Governor Muhammad Zubair and Chief Minister Syed Murad Ali Shah.
The president said this while talking to Prince Karim Aga Khan, who along with his daughter Princess Zahra Aga Khan and a delegation called on him at the Aiwan-e-Sadr here.
ISLAMABAD -- President Mamnoon Hussain Friday said that Prince Karim Aga Khan was rendering invaluable services for global peace and stability, brotherhood, tolerance as well as for the welfare of humanity in different parts of the world, including Pakistan.