Aga Khan

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Aga Khan

(ä`gä khän), the title of the religious leader and imam of the IsmailiIsmailis
, Muslim Shiite sect that holds Ismail, the son of Jafar as-Sadiq, as its imam. On the death of the sixth imam of the Shiites, Jafar as-Sadiq (d. 765), the majority of Shiites accepted Musa al-Kazim, the younger son of Jafar, as seventh imam.
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 Nizari sect of Islam, originally bestowed by the Persian shah Fath AliFath Ali Shah
, also spelled Feth Ali Shah, 1762–1834, shah of Persia (1797–1834), nephew and successor of Aga Muhammad Khan, founder of the Qajar dynasty. Most of his reign was spent in internal and external warfare.
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 on Hasan Ali Shah, 1800–1881, the 46th Ismaili imam, in 1818. The first Aga Khan was also appointed as the governor of the province of Kirman, a position he lost as a result of political intrigues following Fath Ali's death. In 1839, he moved to India, where he aided the British during the first Anglo-Afghan war (1839–42) and in the conquest of Sind (1842–43). He was succeeded by his eldest son Ali Shah, Aga Khan II, who died in 1885. In turn, his son, Sultan Muhammad, 1877–1957, assumed the title of Aga Khan III, and played an instrumental role in attempting to secure Muslim support for the British rule of India. A founder of the All-India Muslim League (later the Muslim LeagueMuslim League,
political organization of India and Pakistan, founded 1906 as the All-India Muslim League by Aga Khan III. Its original purpose was to safeguard the political rights of Muslims in India.
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), he served as its president in 1909–14. His international visibility increased when he served as the chairman of the British Indian delegation to the imperial conference in London in 1930–31. He also represented India at the Geneva disarmament conference (1932) and in the League of Nations (1932, 1934–37), where he was president of the General Assembly (1937). Later he played a significant role in the movement to establish the Muslim state of Pakistan. He was succeeded by his grandson, Prince Karim al-Hussayni, 1937–, who as Aga Khan IV has devoted substantial Ismaili wealth to development projects in countries with a significant Ismaili population. He also has instituted (1977) a noted series of awards for Islamic architecture. His uncle, Prince Sadruddin Aga Khan, 1933–2003, was UN High Commissioner for Refugees (1965–77) and was active in other international humanitarian causes.


See The Collected Works of Aga Khan III (1991); W. Frischauer, The Aga Khans (1970).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Results: Of the 322 participants, 108(33.54%) belonged to the Aga Khani community, and 107(33.23%) each to Dawoodi Bohra and Memon communities.
The current study was planned to identify distinct dietary patterns of Pakistani women belonging to Aga Khani, Dawoodi Bohra and Memon communities living in Karachi and to evaluate their association with anthropometric, lifestyle and socio-economic factors.
This cross-sectional study was conducted during June 2014 to August 2015 in Karachi, and comprised women aged 18-60 years of Aga Khani, Dawoodi Bohra and Memon communities.
The security review meeting was attended by Home Minister Sohail Anwar Siyal, Local Government Minister Jam Khan Shoro, Chief Secretary Rizwan Memon, Inspector-General of Police Allah Dino Khawaja, Karachi AIG Karachi Mushtaq Maher, Commissioner Ejaz Khan, the deputy director-general of the Rangers, Karachi Water and Sewerage Board Managing Director Hashim Raza, Karachi Metropolitan Corporation Municipal Commissioner Dr Asghar Shaikh, the Sindh Solid Waste Management Board managing director, Karachi Package Programme Manager Khalid Masroor, K-Electric's Faisal Jahangir, representative of the Aga Khani Community and Colonel Noor, security officer of jamaatkhanas.