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(äg'ädĕz`) or


(ägädĕs`), town (1988 pop. 50,164), W central Niger, in the Aïr Massif. Agadez is a trade center visited by TuaregTuareg
or Touareg
, Berbers of the Sahara, numbering c.2 million. They have preserved their ancient alphabet, which is related to that used by ancient Libyans.
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 pastoral nomads. Leather and silver handicrafts are made. Tin, tungsten, uranium, and salt are mined nearby. Founded by the 11th cent., Agadez developed because of its location on trans-Saharan caravan routes linking Egypt and Libya with the Lake Chad area. Agadez was held by the MaliMali
, officially Republic of Mali, independent republic (2015 est. pop. 17,468,000), 478,764 sq mi (1,240,000 sq km), the largest country in W Africa. Mali is bordered on the north by Algeria, on the east and southeast by Niger, on the south by Burkina Faso and Côte
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 empire during part of the 14th cent., captured by the SonghaiSonghai
or Songhay
, largest of the former empires in the western Sudan region of N Africa. The state was founded (c.700) by Berbers on the Middle Niger, in what is now central Mali. The rulers accepted Islam c.1000.
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 empire in 1515, and controlled by BornuBornu
, former Muslim state, mostly in NE Nigeria, extending S and W of Lake Chad. It began its existence as a separate state in the late 14th cent. From the 14th to the 18th cent. Bornu exported slaves, eunuchs, fabrics dyed with saffron, and other goods to N Africa.
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 in the 17th cent. It remained a trade center until the late 19th cent. During much of this time it was a center of Islamic learning. The French occupied the town in the early 20th cent. Agadez has a 16th-century mosque and a school of mines.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



city in the Republic of Niger in the Air oasis on the Algiers-Zinder highway. Center of Agadez District. Population in 1962 was 6,900. Airfield.

Agadez is a center of commerce and distribution. There is a ceramic factory. It has a sultan’s palace and mosque of the 16th century. North of Agadez there is mining of tin, tungsten, and rock salt; there are commercial deposits of uranium ore.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Si l'on regarde les articles << Acanes >>, << Zanfara >>, << Agades >> ou d'autres, on voit que les editions de 1758, 1782, 1799 et 1809 reproduisent le meme texte que celle de 1747.
(In the Agades Department of Niger, an estimated 600 trees a day have been saved by the spread of these simple devices.)
Ne en 1980 a Tidene (Agades - Niger), Bombino, de son vrai nom Omara Moctar, est un artiste engage qui a fait de sa guitare un [beaucoup moins que] symbole de resistance [beaucoup plus grand que], a une epoque d'instabilite ou l'on considerait cet instrument comme [beaucoup moins que] signe de rebellion [beaucoup plus grand que].