Agadez

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Agadez

(äg'ädĕz`) or

Agadès

(ägädĕs`), town (1988 pop. 50,164), W central Niger, in the Aïr Massif. Agadez is a trade center visited by TuaregTuareg
or Touareg
, Berbers of the Sahara, numbering c.2 million. They have preserved their ancient alphabet, which is related to that used by ancient Libyans.
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 pastoral nomads. Leather and silver handicrafts are made. Tin, tungsten, uranium, and salt are mined nearby. Founded by the 11th cent., Agadez developed because of its location on trans-Saharan caravan routes linking Egypt and Libya with the Lake Chad area. Agadez was held by the MaliMali
, officially Republic of Mali, independent republic (2015 est. pop. 17,468,000), 478,764 sq mi (1,240,000 sq km), the largest country in W Africa. Mali is bordered on the north by Algeria, on the east and southeast by Niger, on the south by Burkina Faso and Côte
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 empire during part of the 14th cent., captured by the SonghaiSonghai
or Songhay
, largest of the former empires in the western Sudan region of N Africa. The state was founded (c.700) by Berbers on the Middle Niger, in what is now central Mali. The rulers accepted Islam c.1000.
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 empire in 1515, and controlled by BornuBornu
, former Muslim state, mostly in NE Nigeria, extending S and W of Lake Chad. It began its existence as a separate state in the late 14th cent. From the 14th to the 18th cent. Bornu exported slaves, eunuchs, fabrics dyed with saffron, and other goods to N Africa.
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 in the 17th cent. It remained a trade center until the late 19th cent. During much of this time it was a center of Islamic learning. The French occupied the town in the early 20th cent. Agadez has a 16th-century mosque and a school of mines.

Agadez

 

city in the Republic of Niger in the Air oasis on the Algiers-Zinder highway. Center of Agadez District. Population in 1962 was 6,900. Airfield.

Agadez is a center of commerce and distribution. There is a ceramic factory. It has a sultan’s palace and mosque of the 16th century. North of Agadez there is mining of tin, tungsten, and rock salt; there are commercial deposits of uranium ore.

References in periodicals archive ?
Si l'on regarde les articles << Acanes >>, << Zanfara >>, << Agades >> ou d'autres, on voit que les editions de 1758, 1782, 1799 et 1809 reproduisent le meme texte que celle de 1747.
(In the Agades Department of Niger, an estimated 600 trees a day have been saved by the spread of these simple devices.)
Ne en 1980 a Tidene (Agades - Niger), Bombino, de son vrai nom Omara Moctar, est un artiste engage qui a fait de sa guitare un [beaucoup moins que] symbole de resistance [beaucoup plus grand que], a une epoque d'instabilite ou l'on considerait cet instrument comme [beaucoup moins que] signe de rebellion [beaucoup plus grand que].