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(äg'ädĕz`) or


(ägädĕs`), town (1988 pop. 50,164), W central Niger, in the Aïr Massif. Agadez is a trade center visited by TuaregTuareg
or Touareg
, Berbers of the Sahara, numbering c.2 million. They have preserved their ancient alphabet, which is related to that used by ancient Libyans.
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 pastoral nomads. Leather and silver handicrafts are made. Tin, tungsten, uranium, and salt are mined nearby. Founded by the 11th cent., Agadez developed because of its location on trans-Saharan caravan routes linking Egypt and Libya with the Lake Chad area. Agadez was held by the MaliMali
, officially Republic of Mali, independent republic (2015 est. pop. 17,468,000), 478,764 sq mi (1,240,000 sq km), the largest country in W Africa. Mali is bordered on the north by Algeria, on the east and southeast by Niger, on the south by Burkina Faso and Côte
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 empire during part of the 14th cent., captured by the SonghaiSonghai
or Songhay
, largest of the former empires in the western Sudan region of N Africa. The state was founded (c.700) by Berbers on the Middle Niger, in what is now central Mali. The rulers accepted Islam c.1000.
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 empire in 1515, and controlled by BornuBornu
, former Muslim state, mostly in NE Nigeria, extending S and W of Lake Chad. It began its existence as a separate state in the late 14th cent. From the 14th to the 18th cent. Bornu exported slaves, eunuchs, fabrics dyed with saffron, and other goods to N Africa.
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 in the 17th cent. It remained a trade center until the late 19th cent. During much of this time it was a center of Islamic learning. The French occupied the town in the early 20th cent. Agadez has a 16th-century mosque and a school of mines.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



city in the Republic of Niger in the Air oasis on the Algiers-Zinder highway. Center of Agadez District. Population in 1962 was 6,900. Airfield.

Agadez is a center of commerce and distribution. There is a ceramic factory. It has a sultan’s palace and mosque of the 16th century. North of Agadez there is mining of tin, tungsten, and rock salt; there are commercial deposits of uranium ore.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
There is a trans-border movement of funds from Lagos, Agadez in Niger Republic and Libya for the purchase of arms for the prosecution of the ongoing killings in North-west which have claimed no fewer than 3000 lives.
Through the same project and with support from UK's Department of International Development (DFID), IOM also provides one-week training sessions in agricultural techniques for migrants staying at IOM's transit centre in Agadez, as they wait for their departure through the Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) programme, under theEU-IOM Joint Initiative for Migrant Protection and Reintegration.
The importance of increasing international assistance for the restoration and conservation of monuments to the Galapagos National Park Directorate in Ecuador, the Antigua Guatemala Cathedral, the Historic Center of Agadez (Niger), and the Vallee de Mai Nature Reserve in the Seychelles was emphasized.
(1) Highlighted in this paper are the regions of Nimruz, Afghanistan and Agadez, Niger, which have been used as smuggling hubs as early as the dawn of the Silk Road.
One evening in early August, we wait to meet migrants traveling by bus from Agadez. They've already taken a hard road from the Algerian border and will continue on to their home countries.
-Brian Okinda Deadly disease hits Niger donkeysA contagious bacterial infection known as "equine strep throat" has killed more than 4,000 donkeys in northern Niger since early December, raising fears that it could spread to other parts of the continent."Of the 8,392 donkeys affected by equine distemper or equine strep throat, more than half succumbed since the infection appeared in the first 10 days of December," said the regional authorities in Agadez.
The central Nigerien city of Agadez, an ancient smugglers haven, is the current hub of human trafficking in western Africa.
The US does not have a direct combat mission in Niger but its military presence has grown in recent years from 100 to 800, and the US is completing construction on a $100m drone base in the central city of Agadez.
Hardest hit was Agadez, a major trade and business hub in the centre of the country where some 60,555 people have been affected.