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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Agamidae), a family of lizards. The head is covered with small plates, the extremities are well developed, and the tail is usually long and is nonautotomic. The teeth are attached to the upper edge of the jaws (acrodonts). Agamas have the ability to change color under the influence of excitement or warmth. There are approximately 35 genera (Draco, Calotes, Phrynocephalus, Amphibolurus barbatus, Chlamydosaurus kingi, Uromastyx, Moloch horridas, and many others), which include approximately 300 species. They are found in Africa (with the exception of Madagascar); southeastern Europe; middle, central, and southern Asia; Australia; and New Guinea. In the USSR there are two genera (Agama and Phrynocephalus) represented by 13 species. The agamas are active during the day. Most of them feed predominantly on insects, and a few are herbivorous.

The genus Agama includes approximately 60 species (in Africa, southwest Asia, and southern Europe), seven of which are found in the USSR. The overall body length of adult agamas can be as much as 27 to 35 cm. One of the most characteristic lizards of the deserts and semideserts of middle Asia and the eastern Ciscaucasian area is the steppe agama (Agama sanguinolenta), whose body length can be as much as 30 cm. Typical for the mountains are the Caucasian agama (Agama caucasica), the Turkestan agama (Agama lehmanii), the Pavlovskii agama (Agama pawlowskii), and others.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
40 minutes looking for an agama. They belong to the lizard family.
The rules for ordeals would seem to provide a glimpse into lay practices, a rarity in the priest- and initiate-centered Agamas. A third interesting aspect of the text is seen in chap.
(53) For a discussion of the expression found regularly as part of the standard conclusion of Agama discourses, cf.
In view of the material available to us, it seems that the redactors of Agama texts and collections never found it necessary to add school names to their texts, and in this regard they notably differed from those who dealt with Vinaya texts.(9) A possible explanation is that the Agamas were presented purely as the Buddha's teaching, unaffected by any sectarian dogma.
"Central Asian Sutra Fragments and their Relation to the Chinese Agamas." In The Language of the Earliest Buddhist Tradition, edited by H.
He also shows a strong interest, Ganesan observes, in harmonizing the Tamil devotional poetry of the nayanmar poet-saints, collected in the Tirumurai, with the ritual and philosophical traditions of the Sanskrit Agamas. Nigamajnana II, by contrast, wrote primarily in Sanskrit.
In contrast to Agamas like the Diptdgama, which are ascribed to the authorship of Siva himself, the Pancavaranastava is identified as the work of a well-known South Indian Saiva teacher of the twelfth century, Aghorasiva.
[But] if one has no perception of a 'man' or a 'woman', how could such distinctions arise?"; [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], (where my rendering assumes the last two instances of [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] to be an error for [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], a frequent error in the Agamas, cf.
"Central Asian Sutra Fragments and their Relation to the Chinese Agamas," In The Language of the Earliest Buddhist Tradition, edited by H.
Descriptions of the Buddha's fame and of the behavior of visitors are standard pericopes in the discourses found in the Pali Nikayas and in the Chinese Agamas, hence these differences between the Saleyyaka-sutta and its Samyukta-agama parallel merely show that these pericopes were at times applied to different occasions.
The explanation most consistent with the intellectual undertaking represented by the book would probably be the one according to which Trika refers to the triad of Malini, Siddha and Namaka agamas, in view of the claim that schools based on the agamic tradition attach relatively more importance to the modes of spiritual discipline or sadhana than those based on the Vedic tradition.