Agama

(redirected from Agamas)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

Agama

 

(Agamidae), a family of lizards. The head is covered with small plates, the extremities are well developed, and the tail is usually long and is nonautotomic. The teeth are attached to the upper edge of the jaws (acrodonts). Agamas have the ability to change color under the influence of excitement or warmth. There are approximately 35 genera (Draco, Calotes, Phrynocephalus, Amphibolurus barbatus, Chlamydosaurus kingi, Uromastyx, Moloch horridas, and many others), which include approximately 300 species. They are found in Africa (with the exception of Madagascar); southeastern Europe; middle, central, and southern Asia; Australia; and New Guinea. In the USSR there are two genera (Agama and Phrynocephalus) represented by 13 species. The agamas are active during the day. Most of them feed predominantly on insects, and a few are herbivorous.

The genus Agama includes approximately 60 species (in Africa, southwest Asia, and southern Europe), seven of which are found in the USSR. The overall body length of adult agamas can be as much as 27 to 35 cm. One of the most characteristic lizards of the deserts and semideserts of middle Asia and the eastern Ciscaucasian area is the steppe agama (Agama sanguinolenta), whose body length can be as much as 30 cm. Typical for the mountains are the Caucasian agama (Agama caucasica), the Turkestan agama (Agama lehmanii), the Pavlovskii agama (Agama pawlowskii), and others.

P. V. TERENT’EV

References in periodicals archive ?
The rules for ordeals would seem to provide a glimpse into lay practices, a rarity in the priest- and initiate-centered Agamas.
38) In sum, the Ekottarika-agama clearly remained open to the inclusion of later stories to a greater degree than the Pali Nikayas and other Chinese Agamas.
Central Asian Sutra Fragments and their Relation to the Chinese Agamas.
By far the greatest attention in the study of South Indian Saivism up to now has been devoted to the earliest works, the Agamas themselves and the paddhatis of early Saiva authors like Somasambhu and Aghorasiva (of the eleventh and twelfth centuries).
One of the twenty-eight core Agamas, the Diptagama is a lengthy work of some six thousand verses.
Central Asian Sutra Fragments and their Relation to the Chinese Agamas," In The Language of the Earliest Buddhist Tradition, edited by H.
Though parallels found in the Chinese Agamas, among the fragments discovered in Central Asia, or in the Tibetan Kanjur and Tanjur collections usually agree closely with their Pali counterparts on the essentials of the teaching, (9) often enough they show interesting variations, which help to provide a complementary or even corrective perspective on the information offered in a Pali discourse.
To optimize her results, the author compares these texts with parallel descriptions found in the agamas, insisting all the while on the originality of Somasambhu's manual (p.
This division is to be found in earlier agamas or tantras, too, but Abhinavagupta interprets it in his own way so as to prove the superiority of his own non-dualistic saiva system over the other forms of the saiva tradition.
If my calculation is correct, from 1961 until today at least nine volumes of the Institute's publication series have been devoted to Agamas.