Agaricales


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Agaricales

[ə‚gar·ə′kā·lēz]
(mycology)
An order of fungi in the class Basidiomycetes containing all forms of fleshy, gilled mushrooms.

Agaricales

 

an order of fungi of the class Basidiomycetes with fleshy annual fruiting bodies, each consisting of a cap and a stalk. The hymenophore, which is lamellar or, more rarely, tubular, can easily be separated from the cap tissue. Around 3,000 species of Agaricales are known. They include the widely known forest mushrooms, the vital activities of which are closely dependent upon the roots of trees—the boletus, such as the edible boletus, the rough-stemmed boletus, the red boletus, the butter mushroom, the mossiness mushroom, and others and the gill fungi, such as the russula, the wooly milk-cap, the saffron milk cap, and others. There are also the mushrooms that grow in fields, meadows, gardens, weedy areas, and heavily manured areas, such as the common mushroom and the shaggy mane. All of these mushrooms are edible. One of them, Agaricus bisporus, is widely cultivated in more than 20 nations.

Agaricales also includes the most dangerous poisonous mushrooms, such as the death cap, the fly agaric (red cap, panther cap, and colymbiformes), and Amanita mappa.

L. V. GARIBOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
New taxa and new combinations of Agaricales (Diagnoses fungorum novorum agaricalium IV).
Thus, Cortinarius and some other ECM species are documented to have retained the capacity of their Agaricales ancestors, such as white-rot fungi (Matheny et al., 2006; Shah et al., 2016), able to enzymatically oxidize and decompose phenolic macromolecules, and especialiy the lignin.
SP2 Schizophyllum 100% KR706163.1 Fungi, commune Basidiomycota, Agaricomycetes, Agaricales, Schizophyllaceae, Schizophyllum, S.
BASIDIOMYCOTA Hymenomycetes Agaricales Agaricaceae Cyathus berkeleyanus (Tulasne) Lloyd: B.
All Attine ants (that includes about 256 described species in 15 genera) (SOSA-CALVO et al., 2013) are mandatory dependent on this symbiosis, which involves Lepiotaceaeous fungi (order Agaricales, Basidiomycota division) (Chapela et al., 1994).
Schizophyllum commune (SC) belongs to the genus Schizophyllum of the family Schizophyllaceae in the Agaricales order (Kirk et al., 2008).
Pleurotus genera (Pleurotaceae Agaricales Basidiomycetes) also known as oyster mushrooms are world-wide distributed macro fungi that comprise various kinds of highly priced edible mushrooms (Wang et al.2008).
Pleurotus genera (Pleurotaceae, Agaricales, and Basidiomycetes) also known as oyster mushrooms are worldwide distributed macrofungi [1] that comprise various kinds of highly priced edible mushrooms [2].
agarici (Lintner), scuttle fly pests (Diptera: Phoridae) of cultivated mushrooms (Agaricales: Agaricaceae).